A Guide to Helping Verbs Past Participle

There are many types and forms of verbs. And each…

There are many types and forms of verbs. And each of these plays a different role in a sentence. Grammar rules change depending on the verbs you use in the construction of sentences. In this article, we’ll focus more on helping verbs past participle and their verb tenses.

Many people get confused about how to use the past participle. But by the time you finish this article, you’ll find it easier to understand them. You’ll also discover how to use it properly to sound more natural in your writing.

A person writing on a notebook with a croissant and cup of coffee beside them.
Photo by Cathryn Lavery on Unsplash

What are Helping Verbs?

Helping verbs are verbs that are placed before the main verb. It helps describe additional information about the action of the main verb. When combined, the helping verb and the main verb create a verb phrase. This is known as an auxiliary verb.

For example: “Amy can swim faster than anyone.”

In this sentence, Swim is the main verb. This is the action of Amy. And because this action describes something she can do, the word can is the helping verb.

You can use more than one helping verb in your sentence.

For example: “Amy could have worked harder.”

The main verb is worked. Whereas the helping verbs are could and have.

There are instances wherein helping verbs are separated by a negative particle like “not”.

For example: “She could not hide her excitement.”

Notice how the word “not” separates the helping verb could from the main verb, hide.

English Helping Verbs

Here are some examples of common English helping verbs:

  • Am, is, are
  • Was, were
  • Shall, will
  • Do, does, did
  • Have, has, had
  • Be, been, being
  • May, can, must, might
  • Should, would, could

How to Form Helping Verbs Past Participle

helping or auxiliary verb is generally used with the past participle. Common examples are has, have, or had. These express the perfect aspect.

The perfect aspect refers to a verb construction that describes events occurring in the past that are still connected to upcoming events. Every verb has three perfect aspects or tenses that can be formed with helping verbs. These are:

  • Present Perfect Tense: formed with has and have
  • Past Perfect Verbs: formed with had
  • Future Perfect Verbs: created with shall have or will have

You can use present participles in passive voices or adjectives in addition to the perfect aspect or tense.

Past Participle of Regular Verbs

The past participle of regular verbs is formed by getting the main verb’s past tense and coupling it with a helping verb. For regular verbs, the past tense can be formed by placing -ed, -d, or -t to the base form of the verb.

Main Regular Verb – Past Participle

  • Jump – have jumped
  • Kick – have kicked
  • Walk – have walked

Past Participle of Irregular Verbs

The past participle forms of irregular verbs are much more challenging to form. Past tense of irregular verbs can have different endings, like -d-t, and -n.

Main Irregular Verb – Past Participle

  • Sleep – have slept, has slept
  • Go – have gone, has gone
  • Freeze – have frozen, has frozen

To Wrap Up

Helping verbs past participle are widely used both in oral and written communication. Understanding how to use these properly is key to helping you communicate more effectively. Hopefully, this guide has helped you understand past participle and how to use it!

Frequently asked questions

How do you explain past participle?

The words “rosed” in “many hands were raised” and “thrown” in the expression “the ball has been thrown” are past participants.

What are the 27 helping verbs?

  • was, were
  • have, has, had
  • shall, will
  • This list includes may, can, must, and may.
  • am, is, are
  • be, been, being
  • do, does, did
  • should, would, could

How do you teach past participles?

The past elementary form and past participle form of ‘teach’ is pronounced TOT (pronounced TOOT barely).

How do you explain past participle to a child?

What are the helping verbs for past participle?

The past participle is often used in conjunction with auxiliary verbs, such as has, have, or had, to express the perfect aspect, a verb construction that describes events that take place in the past that are linked to .

What are the three uses of past participle?

Past-Participant verb tenses – We had already seen the film. At 12:00, she will have finished the Future Perfect. If the train had arrived on time, I wouldn’t have been late. Modals in the past – she could have studied more.

How do you form past participle verbs?

Adding “-ed” to an irregular verb forms the past participle. However, many irregular verbs are found in English, and these past participle forms must be memorized.

Do past participles always have a helping verb?

1 Answer. Past participles, however, do not always have helping verbs.

What are all the 23 helping verbs?

Helping verbs, helping verbs there are 23! Am, is, are, was and were, being, been, and be, Have, had, haded, did, dide, will, would, shall and should. You can, might, must, can, and could have five more helping verbs!

What is difference between past and past participle?

Past tenses differ in that past tense contains an action or state of being that has taken place completely in the past, while past participle is a form of verb used in past, present, and future perfect ten.

How do you use present and past participle?

Present participles end in –ing, while past participes end in ‘ed’, -en, –d, het, or –n. When a verb is used as an adjective, a present participle is the -ing form of a word. One might distinguish between a present participle and a gerund, which is the tinged form of a verb that is used as a noun.

What are the 20 helping verbs?

  • Although these verbs do not show action, they are essential to the operation since they help build the action for the main verbs in the writing.
  • These verbs include am, is, are, was, were, be, been, have, has, had, do, does, and did.

Why is it called past participle?

Past participle, a linguistic term coined in 1798, has morphology comparable to preterite verbs and its participial form. The current participle was used initially in 1864 to facilitate grammatical distinctions.

How do we use past participle in a sentence?

  • It was done by him.
  • This morning, the cookies were baked fresh.
  • Dinners have been burned before.
  • I have lived a very interesting life.
  • Too many times he lied to me!

What is past participle and example?

For most verbs, the past participle is formed by adding -ed or -d to the end of the root form. One example is that a jump is jump and an excite is excited.

A Guide to Helping Verbs Past Participle

Abir is a data analyst and researcher. Among her interests are artificial intelligence, machine learning, and natural language processing. As a humanitarian and educator, she actively supports women in tech and promotes diversity.

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