A Comprehensive Guide to Irregular Verbs

When it comes to verb tenses, irregular verbs do not…

When it comes to verb tenses, irregular verbs do not follow the standard conjugation norms. You may learn which words fit into this category by looking at the irregular verbs list and examples in this article.

The English language enjoys both creating and breaking grammar rules. The same is true for irregular verbs, which don’t follow the convention and therefore stand on their own within a unique category. Let’s learn more about irregular verbs and their usage in writing.

What Is an Irregular Verb?

The irregular verbs include unique and unpredictable verb forms. These verbs don’t form their past participle form by adding -ed at the end. It means that they don’t follow the typical conjugation pattern as the regular verbs do.

Most irregular verbs, such as harm, bid, cut, put, etc., are the same in all participle forms. However, some words become complex and completely different in their different forms, such as arise, arose, and arisen.

boy wearing gray vest and pink dress shirt holding book
Photo by Ben White on Unsplash

Irregular Verbs List and Examples in Sentences

Just when you start mastering the past and present tense of regular verbs, the unique irregular verbs come into the scene. The common irregular verbs list and examples below will help you learn their use in spoken or written English.

Example Sentences:

  • You should go to a doctor for a checkup.
  • He was bitten by a snake on his left leg.
  • The cops were able to catch the thieves.
  • The professor taught a thought-provoking lesson about life today.
  • You must speak for your rights.
  • She was drunk at the party.
  • My friend drew an eye-catching portrait of me.
  • I cut the fruits for custard.
  • She gave me her lecture notes last week.
  • You should not make any mistakes in the next quiz.
  • He left his wallet on the table.
  • I didn’t know my grandma was coming to our house.

What Is on an Irregular Verb List?

There are three distinct parts of an irregular verb list: the base form, past tense, and past participle. Let’s learn what each part means and how they are formed.

Base Form

The base form of an irregular comes in the first column of the list. Base form means the verb is in its purest form without any conjugation. The verb is not in its present, past, or continuous tense form. It’s simply the verb and that’s all.

  • Can you draw a picture for me?
  • Can you do me a favor?

Past Tense

The past tense of the verb appears in the second column of the list. This is the form to employ when you talk about an event that happened in the past. Since these words are irregular, you’ll notice that these words lack the typical -ed ending seen in regular verbs.

  • She shook her head from a distance.
  • I spent all my pocket money yesterday.

Past Participle

The third column includes the part participle of the verb. We use the past participle form after have or had in the present or past perfect sentences. Here are two examples using the part participles of irregular verbs.

  • She was taken to the hospital.
  • I have never eaten a Brazilian dish before.

List of Common Irregular Verbs

Here’s a list of common irregular verbs with their base form, simple past form, and past participle.

Arise – Arose – Arisen

Bind – Bound – Bound

Cling – Clung – Clung

Come – Came – Come

Eat – Ate – Eaten

Bite – Bit – Bitten

Bleed – Bled – Bled

Dream – Dreamed – Dreamed

Feed – Fed – Fed

Dive – Dove – Dived

Mistake – Mistook – Mistaken

Shake – Shook – Shaken

Spend – Spent – Spent

Seek – Sought – Sought

Hang – Hung – Hung

Light – Lit – Lit

Forbid – Forbade – Forbidden

The Bottom Line

Learning about irregular verbs can be tough. There are a lot of different sets of irregular verbs, and knowing about all of them could be challenging. This list is a compilation of the most commonly used irregular verbs in the English language. It’s important to memorize the list, so you can recognize them whenever they appear in a sentence.

Frequently asked questions

What are the 100 irregular verbs list?

V1 – PresentV2 – Past SimpleV3 – Past Participle
bleedbledbled
blowblewblown
breakbrokebroken
breedbredbred

What are the 100 verbs?

No.VerbPast Participle
1to bebeen
2to havehad
3to dodone
4to saysaid

How do you introduce regular and irregular verbs?

The unregular verbs are those verbs that do not end in-ed in the past tense. Although irregular verbs may have differing endings from regular verbs, they utilize the same auxiliary verbs (also called helping verbs) to indicate past, present, and future time.

How do you explain irregular verbs to students?

How do you explain irregular verbs?

You can’t change a verb to past tense just by adding “-ed” or “-d” to the end if you can”t make it irregular. To use these verbs correctly, you must memorize their past simple and past participle forms, since they do not fit into the usual pattern.

What are the 20 irregular verbs?

V1 Base FormV2 Past SimpleV3 Past Participle
drivedrovedriven
drinkdrankdrunk
eatateeaten
fallfellfallen

What grade do kids learn irregular verbs?

Irregular Tense Verbs | Grammar 1st Grade | Class A.

How do you explain irregular verbs to a child?

An irregular verb is a verb that does not follow the regular inflection or ending of the word. This is expected when you use it in the past tense or past participle.

How do you teach irregular verbs fun?

  • Say the base form out loud with an irregular verb.
  • Give a child’s name and toss the ball to them.
  • The student must catch the ball and state the past form.
  • The student then chooses another verb and repeats the above steps.
  • Continue until all students have had a turn or two.

How can you tell if a word is irregular?

The irregular verb is any verb that does not include -ed or -d in its past tense form. Sometimes, it sounds like these verbs are rare, but it’s often a thing to see them in writing and conversation. The word Go (was) is one example of irregular verbs.

What age do you learn irregular verbs?

In Owens (2014), irregular past tense verbs begin with words such as, “hit” and “hurt” between 3 and 3.5 years old. As children, past tenses continue to develop slowly until 8 to 11 years of age.

How do you teach irregular words?

  • It is helpful to choose one word (example:. Use it as a blank board, a handout, or a flashcard (or all three).
  • Introduce the word
  • Repeat
  • Please describe what differs from the previous sentence.
  • Share how the word is spelled.
  • Have students repeat what you just said to them.
  • Check for understanding
  • Reinforce

How do you teach irregular verbs for beginners?

  • Group together irregular verbs.
  • Learn new vocabulary with its tense forms.
  • First, remember the 10 most common irregular verbs.
  • Make memorizing a game.
  • Learn in sentences
  • Learn with songs
  • Include lists in which you can see them.
  • Ask others to correct you.

How many irregular verbs are there in English?

English contains approximately 200 irregular verbs. We can divide them into four different types: verbs with same base form, past simple and past participle. This is the case of verbs with the same past simple and past participle.

What are the 200 irregular verbs?

BASE FORMPAST PARTICIPLE
1AbideAbode/Abided/Abidden
2AlightAlit/Alighted
3AriseArisen
4AwakeAwoken
A Comprehensive Guide to Irregular Verbs

Abir is a data analyst and researcher. Among her interests are artificial intelligence, machine learning, and natural language processing. As a humanitarian and educator, she actively supports women in tech and promotes diversity.

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