Regular verbs do not change their spelling over time to match the etymology. In the standard pronunciation, infinitive, third person present, and past simple of regular verbs, the verb does not change in spelling.
In contrast, there are verbs whose forms either entirely alter or remain the same; these are known as Irregular Verbs. Let’s examine the difference between regular and irregular nouns and verbs.
Regular Verbs: Base Form, Simple Past and Past Participle
Regular Verbs refer to verbs whose inflection depends on a fundamental pattern. Inflection is the alteration of a word’s form, typically at the end, to indicate tense, mood, number, gender, etc.
The simple past and past participle of regular verbs are made by adding a predetermined ending to the present infinitive. The predetermined ending includes -d, -ed, or -ied. Other rules are as follows:
- When an action word ends in a vowel, the -d ending is added to indicate the past tense. For instance:
Base Form: Close, Hate, Sue
Simple Past: Closed, Hated, Hated
Past Participle: Closed, Hated, Hated
- When it ends with a consonant, -ed is added to change it into a past form. For example:
Base Form: Dress, Roll, Slam
Simple Past: Dressed, Rolled, Slammed
Past Participle: Dressed, Rolled, Slammed
- If the last letter of a word ends in y, then -ied would change its form:
Base Form: Fry, Cry, Dry
Simple Past: Fried, Cried, Dried
Past Participle: Fried, Cried, Dried
Irregular Verbs: Base Form, Simple Past and Past Participle
An irregular verb follows some specific guidelines while forming past tense forms. So, instead of ending in -d, -ed, or -ied, these verbs completely change their forms. Irregular verbs are verbs that change entirely in past tense, as shown in the example below:
Base Form: Build, Do, Know
Simple Past: Built, Did, Knew
Past Participle: Built, Done, Knew
- In the example below, there are some irregular verbs that do not change their forms at all:
Base Form: Hit, Cut, Put
Simple Past: Hit, Cut, Put
Past Participle: Hit, Cut, Put
Key Differences Between Regular and Irregular Verbs
The distinction between regular words and irregular words are described in the following points:
Regular verbs are those that adhere to the standard rule for the formation of simple past and past participle forms. Irregular verbs, on the other hand, are verbs with their own set of rules for creating past tense forms.
While regular verbs follow an inflection pattern, irregular verbs terminate in various ways. Their simple past and past participle forms are either utterly distinct from their base form or are comparable to it.
Regular verbs have a set or consistent ending in their past forms, whereas irregular verbs do not.
In contrast, there is no such trend for irregular verbs. They either fully shift their form in the past tense or preserve their past tense.
To Wrap Up
Regular words and irregular words are placed on opposite ends of the English language spectrum. Regular words are placeholders that are used in almost every screenplay. However, as a writer, using regular verbs means you might get repetitive if you stick solely to these verbs.
Irregular verbs, on the other hand, are often used in plays written by Shakespeare or other writers in the English language.
Explore All Verb Booster Articles
Verbs are a key part of every good sentence. Main verbs help tie the pieces of a sentence together, while…
English writing requires you to have outstanding expertise in particular grammar rules. These concepts are vital for the reliability and…
Whether or not an object is necessary for the verb to express a complete thought, a verb is either transitive…
No one likes to be bossed around by someone else! However, sometimes you have to be bossy to get stuff…
Verbs are the backbone of every sentence in the English language. A sentence without verbs is like a lemonade without…