Key Differences: Regular Words and Irregular Words

Regular verbs do not change their spelling over time to…

Regular verbs do not change their spelling over time to match the etymology. In the standard pronunciation, infinitive, third person present, and past simple of regular verbs, the verb does not change in spelling.

In contrast, there are verbs whose forms either entirely alter or remain the same; these are known as Irregular Verbs. Let’s examine the difference between regular and irregular nouns and verbs.

pile of assorted-title books
pile of assorted-title books

Regular Verbs: Base Form, Simple Past and Past Participle

Regular Verbs refer to verbs whose inflection depends on a fundamental pattern. Inflection is the alteration of a word’s form, typically at the end, to indicate tense, mood, number, gender, etc.

The simple past and past participle of regular verbs are made by adding a predetermined ending to the present infinitive. The predetermined ending includes -d, -ed, or -ied. Other rules are as follows:

  • When an action word ends in a vowel, the -d ending is added to indicate the past tense. For instance:

Base Form: Close, Hate, Sue

Simple Past: Closed, Hated, Hated

Past Participle: Closed, Hated, Hated

  • When it ends with a consonant, -ed is added to change it into a past form. For example:

Base Form: Dress, Roll, Slam

Simple Past: Dressed, Rolled, Slammed

Past Participle: Dressed, Rolled, Slammed

  • If the last letter of a word ends in y, then -ied would change its form:

Base Form: Fry, Cry, Dry

Simple Past: Fried, Cried, Dried

Past Participle: Fried, Cried, Dried

Irregular Verbs: Base Form, Simple Past and Past Participle

An irregular verb follows some specific guidelines while forming past tense forms. So, instead of ending in -d, -ed, or -ied, these verbs completely change their forms. Irregular verbs are verbs that change entirely in past tense, as shown in the example below:

Base Form: Build, Do, Know

Simple Past: Built, Did, Knew

Past Participle: Built, Done, Knew

  • In the example below, there are some irregular verbs that do not change their forms at all:

Base Form: Hit, Cut, Put

Simple Past: Hit, Cut, Put

Past Participle: Hit, Cut, Put

Key Differences Between Regular and Irregular Verbs

The distinction between regular words and irregular words are described in the following points:

Regular verbs are those that adhere to the standard rule for the formation of simple past and past participle forms. Irregular verbs, on the other hand, are verbs with their own set of rules for creating past tense forms.

While regular verbs follow an inflection pattern, irregular verbs terminate in various ways. Their simple past and past participle forms are either utterly distinct from their base form or are comparable to it.

Regular verbs have a set or consistent ending in their past forms, whereas irregular verbs do not.

In contrast, there is no such trend for irregular verbs. They either fully shift their form in the past tense or preserve their past tense.

To Wrap Up

Regular words and irregular words are placed on opposite ends of the English language spectrum. Regular words are placeholders that are used in almost every screenplay. However, as a writer, using regular verbs means you might get repetitive if you stick solely to these verbs.

Irregular verbs, on the other hand, are often used in plays written by Shakespeare or other writers in the English language.

Frequently asked questions

What are regular words examples?

The sound of every letter in regular words is its most common. kin, for example, is regular, but kind is different: Kind is the most common sound, and it makes in sit. Those words that do not represent the most common sounds are irregular.

What is the 10 example of regular verbs?

Regular VerbsSimple Past Form of the VerbPast Participle Form of the Verb

What are the examples of irregular verbs?

BaseSimple Past TensePast Participle

What is the difference between regular and irregular words?

A regular verb is any verb whose conjugation follows the typical pattern, or one of the typical patterns, of a language to which it belongs. An irregular verb is one that follows a different conjugation pattern.

What are irregular words in English?

Irregular sight words are words that cannot be decoded and do not follow traditional English spelling rules. Although spelled that way, there are some reasons why words are spelt that way; it’s usually an obscure rule or adaptation replete with many years. There is no typical grammar lesson for phonics. Therefore, it is irregularly spelled.

Is eat a regular or irregular verb?


Can a verb be both regular and irregular?

If a verb has both a regular and irregular form, then you can use the one that sounds better to you or conveys the voice that you want.

What are the 20 regular verbs?

PresentPast Participle

What makes a verb irregular?

An irregular verb is one that does not follow the usual inflection, or ending, as is usually expected when you put it into the past tense or past participle.

What is the difference between regular and irregular reflection?

Regular reflection of lightIrregular reflection of light
This type of reflection occurs on smooth surfaces such as a plane mirror.This type of reflection occurs on rough surfaces such as a black board.

What are regular words?

The first letter represents all the letters of a word. Words that can be decoded (phonologically recoded). Because our language is alphabetic, decoding is an essential and primary method of recognizing words.

What is regular and irregular verb with example?

Base formPast Tense FormPast Participle Form

Is walk a regular or irregular verb?

To BeRegular Verbs
Infinitiveto beto walk
Bare Stembewalk
Past Participlebeenwalked
Simple Present Tense

How do you know if it’s regular or irregular?

An irregular shape does not have equal sides or angles. Taking for instance, an equilateral triangle is a regular shape since all sides are equal AND all angles are equal.

What is regular verb and irregular verbs with 20 examples?

PresentSimple PastPast Participle
Key Differences: Regular Words and Irregular Words

Abir is a data analyst and researcher. Among her interests are artificial intelligence, machine learning, and natural language processing. As a humanitarian and educator, she actively supports women in tech and promotes diversity.

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