Punctuation is an essential element for making your written text…
Punctuation is an essential element for making your written text coherent and readable. Proper punctuation plays a vital role in written English. It enables the reader to comprehend the text better. And when you need to offer additional information or an afterthought to the reader, punctuation with parentheses will do the job.
Let’s explore more about parenthesis and its usage in English grammar.
Parenthesis or Paranthesis – Which Is Correct?
“Paranthesis” is the most common misspelled spelling for the correct word “Parenthesis.” People have frequently misspelled this word with other variations like “prenthesis,” “parenthasis,” “parenthese,” and more.
But to answer your question, the correct spelling is “Parenthesis,” and its plural form is “Parentheses.”
What Is Parentheses?
Parentheses () come in pairs to enclose information and separates it from the primary concept of a sentence. They allow a writer to add more information to a sentence or paragraph. The parenthetical material could be anything from words or phrases to complete sentences.
The text within parentheses must not be grammatically essential to the primary sentence. But if it is, make sure to rewrite the sentence. Simply omit the parenthetical statement from the sentence. Then if the sentence looks grammatically correct, the parentheses are permitted; otherwise, it’s not.
In the case of formal writing, it is preferable to avoid parenthesis and brackets in the sentences.
Punctuation With Parentheses
You should be able to eliminate the parenthetical material and keep the meaning of the original sentence intact. Parentheses are used in many situations, and it is vital to know the correct placement of punctuation with parentheses to convey the correct meaning.
Placement of Periods
1. Parenthetical sentence that comes at the end of a sentence.
If the enclosed statement is a distinct and complete sentence, then the period, at the end, must be placed inside the parentheses.
Example: We arrived very late at the wedding. (The ceremony was already over by then.)
2. Parenthetical phrase that comes at the end of a sentence.
When a phrase is used in parentheses at the end of a sentence, the period appears outside the parentheses.
Example: We booked our tickets for the Maldives (my favorite vacation spot).
3. Parenthetical sentence that is in the middle of a sentence.
When a complete parenthetical sentence appears in the middle of a sentence, it doesn’t require a period. Also, the first letter of the enclosed statement need not be capitalized.
Example: Our twelve-hour journey (our longest journey ever) made us sick and exhausted.
Placement of Commas
Commas are usually placed outside of the parenthesis.
Incorrect: After opening the chocolate box, (and eating a few) we divided them into three portions.
Correct: After opening the chocolate box (and eating a few), we divided them into three portions.
Placement of Question or Exclamation Marks
For parenthetical statements that are exclamations or questions, the exclamation and question mark is placed inside the parentheses.
Example: John received an award for getting the world-highest score in his O Level Economics Exam. (Can you imagine that?)
To Wrap Up
The placement of punctuation with parenthesis varies from where you place the period, comma, and question or exclamation marks.
Knowing where to place them in relation to other punctuation can sometimes be challenging. This is especially true for those just beginning to navigate the world of punctuation and grammar. This article provides a quick overview of the rules for using parentheses.
Frequently asked questions
Does the punctuation go inside or outside the quotation marks?
If the punctuation applies to the quotation itself, place a question mark or exclamation point within closing quotation marks. If you use the punctuation throughout the sentence, place the puncture outside the closing quotation marks.
Should a period go inside or outside of parentheses?
If the entire sentence is within the parentheses, the period should usually go within the parenthesis. Although the period should fall outside of the parentheses, it should only be a part of the sentence in the parenteses. You will be able to remain true to APA or MLA.
Does comma go after parentheses?
The parenthetical material can sometimes be part of a longer sentence that will be set off by a comma, colon, or semicolon. There is always punctuation before or after parenthetical material, never before it.
Where do you put punctuation with parentheses?
As a general rule, encircles are separated when a parenthetical phrase is an incomplete sentence sharing contextual information or examples. A period appears inside the parentheses when they contain a complete sentence that stands alone.