8 Effective Ways to Improve Reading Fluency

How to improve reading fluency is a common question asked by most individuals. When asked to elaborate their struggles, it’s often decoding, fluency, and comprehension.

What is Reading Fluency?

Reading fluency is the ability to read and comprehend quickly, with expression and accuracy. It relates to a student’s reading speed, comprehension, and ability to read aloud.

The ability to understand a text easily is seen as an indicator of someone as a good reader. Reading fluency is not only about proficiency but about knowing what is happening in a text and putting it into perspective.

Reading fluency is a skill that can be developed and improved over time.

Why is Reading Fluency so Vital?

There are many reasons to improve reading fluency. Better reading fluency will enhance your comprehension of a text and open new worlds of literature to you.

You need to learn how to read fluently in school to go on to the next grade. As adults, an improved reading fluency will also help you meet your daily reading goals, which can range in difficulty.

Fluent readers can focus on the meaning of what they are reading instead of decoding words.

Less fluent readers concentrate so much on sounding out the words that they can’t make a connection with the words they are reading. As a result, they can’t retain or understand the information they read.

Whether children or adults, it isn’t easy to comprehend words or phrases without fluency. After all, there is no point in reading if you can’t understand the meaning of the text you’re reading.

woman in a blue sweater teaching a little girl
Photo by Jerry Wang on Unsplash

How to Improve Reading Fluency: 8 Easy Tips

When reading a new word, a student needs to recognize and understand its meaning and sound and read it quickly and accurately. Without fluent reading, students will become bored, frustrated, and give up on certain areas of study.

Here’s a list of 8 ways you can help your students improve their fluency and comprehension skills.

1. Read aloud & model fluent reading

Modeling fluent reading significantly helps children to develop reading fluency. It helps children listen to the expressions and understand where to break and pause. This is very effective for students to follow along when reading a text.

Therefore, try reading aloud to children every day a non-fiction text from their coursebook or any story based on their grade level.

2. Let children listen to audiobooks

Listening to audiobooks is a great independent activity for students to improve their reading fluency. It will help them learn pronunciation, emphasis, and pinpoint new words. You can have students point to the words they hear. When students can listen and follow along with a text, it is similar to a teacher reading the text to them out loud.

When students listen to the audiobook for the second time, encourage them to whisper read. It will help them correct themselves and improve their reading skills.

3. Practice paired reading

Teachers often make paired reading a regular practice in the classroom. This is a method where students are partnered to read a text aloud. This is made more effective by pairing more fluent readers with the less fluent ones. But don’t let the ability gap be too overwhelming. Ask the stronger reader to go first to serve as a model for the less fluent reader.

Let them take turns reading a page or paragraph of a passage to improve their reading fluency. In one-to-one sessions, teachers or parents can also take turns reading with the child.

3. Encourage choral reading

In choral reading, you need to read a story aloud first to get the students familiar with the text. Then ask the students to join you and read the text together. Nursery rhymes or songs are great for choral reading. It helps children understand the pace of fluent readers and lets them practice together.

Moreover, choral reading is an excellent method to motivate children, and it helps them build self-confidence. Reading aloud together supports the students who feel nervous or self-conscious to read aloud independently.

4. Perform a readers’ theater

Reading theater is a fun activity in the classroom that doesn’t need any costume or a stage. As children take turns and read parts of a story, it lets them get into the character and speak with expression. Students re-read a story and perform a play with their classmates for an interactive reading session.

This method of reading makes a story come alive in the class and improves the students’ reading fluency. You can type up a familiar story into speaking parts or create scripts from an original play.

5. Have children re-read the content

Repeated reading is a practical approach to help children improve their reading fluency. After introducing and reading the text once to the students, have them re-read the same text individually. Make sure to choose a short story to let all the students get their turns.

Set a timer for a few minutes and record how many words a student reads each minute to help them visualize their improvement. Graphing the results will help you track their progress in reading fluency.

6. Instruct on grammar & vocabulary

When students encounter unfamiliar words while reading a text, they can get distracted and lose confidence. Therefore, it is important to familiarize them with the new words to add to their vocabulary knowledge. Knowing more words will help children read fluently without frequently stopping with a confused mind.

Also, teaching students the grammar and punctuation based on their grade level understanding will help them read with expression. When they learn to practice reading with punctuation considered, it will improve their reading rhythm and fluency.

7. Ask students to record themselves

When your child reads a text aloud, you can try recording and listening to it together after he finishes. It will help you track their pace and encourage them to record it for a second time with a specific goal. It will give your child a sense of purpose to try and improve when they re-record it. Together, you can decide what you want to accomplish next time.

Recording while reading is a great method to assess fluency and improve it. Just make sure not to make the setting overwhelming for your child. Keep the environment relaxing and enjoyable for your kid to encourage progress.


Education is all about practical application. If you want your children to learn, you must give them the tools necessary to succeed.

Luckily for parents, there are plenty of instructional materials that their children can learn from, ranging from parents reading aloud to the children themselves. Identify the concepts that your children know, the skills they need to master, and which activities will truly make a difference.

Follow the tips mentioned to help your child improve their reading fluency and enjoy reading time.

Pam is an expert grammarian with years of experience teaching English, writing and ESL Grammar courses at the university level. She is enamored with all things language and fascinated with how we use words to shape our world.

What is Reading? — Making Sense of Letters and Symbols

When studying the English language, you should familiarize yourself with its different concepts. It includes spelling, vocabulary, grammar, and reading.…

July 4, 2022

What is Readability Score? — a Quick Guide

Your text should cater to all kinds of readers. When you’re writing an article that intends to reach various individuals,…

July 4, 2022

Causes of Reading Comprehension Problems

Reading comprehension is the ability to understand and interpret written words, connecting the information in the text with previous knowledge.…

July 4, 2022

What Is ZPD Reading Level?

Everyone unique and we all have a unique understanding of the world. So what should the level of difficulty be…

July 4, 2022

The Best ELL Strategies for Reading!

Non-native English speakers can be proficient readers in their original tongue. However, those who are enrolled in an ELL (English…

July 4, 2022

These Are the Best Practices in Reading!

Best practices have been a topic of discussion in the reading education community for a long time. Among these best…

July 4, 2022