Effective Strategies to Improve Your Reading Comprehension

Reading comprehension is undoubtedly one of the essential skills we…

Reading comprehension is undoubtedly one of the essential skills we acquire in school. These skills are paramount to one’s success in life, both in school and beyond.

What Is Reading Comprehension?

Reading comprehension is the process of understanding written words or other forms of language. It requires looking at a text and drawing conclusions even when it is not mentioned directly.

Identifying the central idea and understanding the author’s tone and style is also a part of reading comprehension. It also involves making judgments and reasoning about the author’s purpose.

You must have sufficient vocabulary or know the meanings of certain words in a text. Readers who can comprehend a text properly can draw conclusions from what they read.

They understand what is important, what is a fact, and what caused an event to occur.

Reading comprehension is one of the fundamental high school skills that allow children to transition into college.

Levels of Reading Comprehension

After you have developed a substantial vocabulary set and improved fluency, the next step is to know the different levels of reading comprehension. They are as follows:

  • Lexical Comprehension: It involves reading individual words in a text and understanding what they mean in the context.
  • Literal Comprehension: The ability to understand the main idea of a text and organize the sequence of events correctly.
  • Inferential Comprehension: Being able to extract and understand information not explicitly stated in the text.
  • Applied comprehension: The ability to draw a link between text and own experience with logical reasoning.
  • Affective Comprehension: Understanding the plot development and motives of the characters in a story.
A person reading book on brown and beige textile
Photo by Clay Banks on Unsplash

Importance of Reading Comprehension

Reading Comprehension is the practice of understanding what a person has read. It’s all about holding the information in our minds and accurately interpreting it.

If readers can’t comprehend what they are reading, they cannot extract the message or meaning. Therefore, it is vital to develop a strategy that helps improve your reading comprehension.

Considering the importance of reading comprehension in life, you must find a way to improve it right away.

How to Improve Your Reading Comprehension?

Reading for understanding texts is a critical skill necessary for students from all disciplines. The more you can improve your reading comprehension, the more effective you will be, and the more you will enjoy any piece of content.

Below are some effective strategies to improve your reading comprehension.

Visualizing the Text

When you can mentally envision what you’re reading, you can understand and recall the details of a text. Creating a mental image helps you remember information and draw conclusions perfectly.

Also, reading the text in your head will make the reading process smoother. This technique is called “mental modeling,” which helps you visualize texts and remember ideas more accurately.

Underlining Unfamiliar Words

Make sure to underline the unfamiliar words whenever you’re reading something. This is a vital strategy to improve your vocabulary and understand the overall meaning of a text.

Not understanding a few tricky but relevant words can lead you to misinterpret the whole content.

Reading the Text Aloud

When you read a piece of text loudly, you let your ears hear it, which helps the brain contain the information better.

Reading the text aloud creates a visual and auditory link to your memory pathways. It allows you to remember details and improve your vocabulary.

Summarizing the Content

If you can identify the main idea and summarize a piece of text in your own words, it will improve your reading comprehension.

Reading a large piece of content and explaining it in a few words while retaining key points ensures you understand it well.


Reading comprehension is essential because it allows you to understand what you are reading and make sense of a given text.

If you have trouble understanding or extracting the meaning of texts, you should focus on improving your comprehension skills to understand a passage better.

You need to better understand text if you want to excel as a student and a reader in your personal and professional life. To ensure you’re on top of your game, reflect on the effective reading comprehension strategies mentioned in this article.

Frequently asked questions

What are the basic reading comprehension skills?

  • Cohesion and construction of sentences.
  • Vocabulary
  • Attention and memory working.
  • Fluency
  • Decoding. The coding procedure is crucial to reading.
  • Knowledge of reasoning and background.

How can I improve my reading comprehension in high school?

  • Use existing knowledge
  • Summarize key ideas
  • Use online resources
  • Use visual aids
  • Develop vocabulary skills
  • Implement thinking strategies
  • You can create scenario-based questions and answers.
  • Encourage reciprocal teaching

What is effective comprehension strategies?

Developing and controlling comprehension strategies is an essential component of effective comprehension instruction that helps students become independent, strategic, and metacognitive readers.

What are the 3 effective reading strategies?

  • Skimming. Unlike scanning, skimming is a quick type of reading.
  • Scanning. When searching for a specific piece of information in a text, scanning is used.
  • Reading for Detail. Careful reading or reading for detail are probably the most common reading strategies.

What are the 5 effective reading strategies?

  • Visualization
  • Analyzing text structure
  • Activating background knowledge. According to research, students are better able to comprehend when they are engaged in activities that bridge their knowledge with the new.
  • Summarizing
  • Questioning

Which reading strategies are effective Why?

  • Monitoring/Clarifying
  • Identification of the main point.
  • Purpose-based reads. I would suggest reading with a purpose as the first strategy I use.
  • Questioning
  • Visualizing
  • Predicting
  • Previewing
  • Inferring

What are the 4 types of reading strategies?

  • Skimming. Go through the text in order to grasp the main idea referred to as skimming.
  • Scanning. So, the reader can quickly move across a sentence to find a particular piece of information.
  • Extensive reading
  • Intensive Reading
Effective Strategies to Improve Your Reading Comprehension

Pam is an expert grammarian with years of experience teaching English, writing and ESL Grammar courses at the university level. She is enamored with all things language and fascinated with how we use words to shape our world.

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