Master Guide on the Different Stages of Reading Development

The different stages ofreading development can be different for each…

The different stages ofreading development can be different for each child.

What Is Reading Development?

Reading development is the process by which children learn to read. It continues from birth until adulthood.

Reading development is a lifelong process. Children develop improved reading skills and knowledge as they reach developmental milestones on the way to their adulthood.

As they grow up, their skill in reading improves and develops. Their ability to understand increased vocabularies is almost always greater than that of their parents and other adults in their society.

Children begin reading when they are as young as 6 months old. By the time they are 3 years old, reading is a strong and vital part of their lifestyle.

From 4 to 6 years old, they begin to understand the words read to them.

By 5 years old, children are reading easily. They understand the most complex texts used in school and are becoming familiar with new words and concepts being introduced in the curriculum.

At the age of 7, children are reading at their highest level of comprehension. By 8 years old, children begin to develop their critical skills, including highlighting, underlining, and summarizing important details within the text.

At 11 years old, children are reading at their highest level of comprehension. By 12 years old, children are expected to read for pleasure and enjoyment.

Unfortunately, reading does not come easily to many children. Many children can already read by the time they are 5 years old. However, many others do not obtain reading skills that can be considered “proficient” until they are in the 10th grade.

These different phases of development in a child’s life need to be tended to with care. Let’s find out their importance.

Kids reading accessories highlighting the importance the reading development from a young age.
Kids reading accessories photo by Element5 Digital on Unsplash

Why Are the Different Stages of Reading Development Important?

These phases of reading development are vital for children because they help to prepare them for reading in the future. This is crucial because they are affected by the text, environment, and interactions they have.

The skills and strategies they develop from this, influence all aspects of their social, emotional, and cognitive development.

Adults are just as important as children. The adults who are reading to the children help to shape the children’s literacy readiness skills. When adults read during the preschool years, it influences their children’s literacy development.

This is because children learn from the adults they interact with.

As children grow and develop, adults who spend time with them influence how they can read and spell. The adults who interact with children in their early years will influence their ability as they grow older.

Adults who have a love for reading and interact with children through literacy can help to improve their learning. Early literacy development can be enhanced through the development of a reading and writing club.

How Does a Reading and Writing Club Help?

  • A reading and writing club helps children learn how to play with words and how to read and write.
  • They learn how to develop their skills.
  • It helps them learn and become successful at school.
  • A reading and writing club helps children improve their skills and learning abilities.

Young children and children with disabilities need to have access to a program that helps them play and develop their skills. If they do not have access to a program like this, their skills can be limited.

To help these children, parents and professionals must learn about early literacy development and how it affects children. Teachers can also learn how to help children who need assistance.

What Are the 4 Stages of Reading Development?

The four stages of reading development are pre-reading, decoding, fluency, and reading to learn.


The pre-reading stage or “pseudo-reading,” which is simply a precursor to the reading stage, is when children can recognize print but struggle with decoding. Children show awareness of print and see letters or “words”.

In some cases, they might know what a word means but not be able to read it yet.

Example: Recognizing logos on packaging when they know they have a name or a picture is easy. However, comprehending the words on the packaging is a challenge.


This stage allows children to process the letters of a word, determine the meaning of a sentence, and comprehend word-level messages.

However, the purpose of this stage is to move from words to sounds, to be able to read. During this stage of reading development, children no longer need to look back to a dictionary.

They can read sentences fluently without stopping to look up the words.


Children in the fluency stage of reading development can read at a high speed and comprehend an increased amount of text.

They also have the flexibility to use a variety of word choices and changes in sentence structure when reading fluency-level text. Reading instruction and listening to reading at higher levels can enable children to develop and acquire new reading skills.

Reading to Learn

This last stage is the most important. This is what helps develop the three other stages.

It will help your child begin to understand how books function in society. This understanding will help your child flourish and succeed in different subject areas.

Reading to learn helps your child make connections and understand the relationship between literature, history, and the world around them.

Dad and baby reading so that developing reading skills later for the child is easier.
Dad and baby reading photo by Picsea on Unsplash

Wrap Up: Benefits to Improving Reading Development Stages

The benefits of improving children’s reading development are that it helps improve their social lives and helps them to be more confident. It can also improve their academic skills, creativity, and logical thinking.

It’s important to understand that while these stages are not definite, there is a certain sequence or order that most children follow.

This is also an important key to ensuring that you understand and follow this sequence as well. This is so that you can support and encourage your children. Go through these different stages with your children. It will help them comprehend the text a lot easier with your support. Happy reading!

Frequently asked questions

What are the 5 stages of reading development?

There are five stages of literacy development: emergent literacy, alphabetic fluency, words and patterns, intermediate reading, and advanced reading. In each phase of literacy development, the child progresses and becomes a stronger student.

What are the 5 levels of reading comprehension?

  • Affective Comprehension
  • Interpretive Comprehension
  • Lexical Comprehension
  • Applied Comprehension
  • Literal Comprehension

What are the four stages of literacy development?

  • Early Intermediate Literacy
  • Beginning Literacy
  • Intermediate Literacy
  • Early Advanced Literacy

What are the 5 emergent literacy skills?

  • Narrative skills
  • Print awareness
  • Print motivation. This component can be found in the interest of and enjoyment of books of a child.
  • Letter knowledge
  • Vocabulary. Using the component “vocabulary” we know the names of things.
  • Phonological awareness

What is the pre reading stage?

Preparing yourself for what you will read during the reading stage is the most important step in the process. Moreover, research has shown that previewing the text can help the reader’s interest in the text. Make a written or mental goal for your reading.

What is the role of a teacher in the stages of reading development?

Phonetics is one of the methods taught by teachers to help readers of the first stage identify letters and words properly. The writing task should also be emphasized in the primary grade, since reading programme is directly related to it. They can teach them syllabication so they can recognize new words.

What are the different stages of reading?

Phases 2 through 7 are pre-reading, while-reading and after-reading. In each of these cases, an important role is assigned. All of these are necessary components of reading. Reading skills must be developed in language classrooms as the phases are considered.

What are the stages of reading literacy development?

Developing literacy is achieved by developing the five stages of literacy, which include emergence, alphabetic fluency, words and patterns, intermediate reading, and advanced reading.

What are the differences between the four stages of reading development?

Readers who are novices (typically between 6 and 7 years old); decoders (usually between 7 and 9 years old; fluent, comprehending readers (typical between 9 and 15 years old), and the novice reader (. Typically, the expert reader may be 16 years or older.

How do you develop reading?

Children build their vocabulary by reading and talking, sharing ideas, discussing a question, listening to others talk, and exploring their interests. New words help them fully understand the meanings of words. Learn to recognize their own spelling mistakes and ask for assistance in making corrections.

Why is it important to know the different developmental reading stages?

Early reading development emphasizes sound-symbol relationships, decoding skills, sight word identification, and fluency. Readers have more cognitive resources available when these skills become automatic.

What is the most important part of the reading process?

A person who is aware of these units of sound is able to hear, identify, and manipulate them. In order to learn how to read, children need to understand this skill.

What are the five thinking strategies of good readers?

  • Create gaps in understanding.
  • Make educated guesses. The good reader makes predictions regarding thoughts, events, outcomes, and conclusions.
  • Monitor: Check Understanding
  • Relate: Draw Comparisons
  • Picture: Form Images

What is the difference between reading and developmental reading?

Developmental readers complement existing literacy skills and do not address basic skills such as phonemic awareness, decoding, and vocabulary. When learning to read, these are usually taught to children.

Master Guide on the Different Stages of Reading Development

Pam is an expert grammarian with years of experience teaching English, writing and ESL Grammar courses at the university level. She is enamored with all things language and fascinated with how we use words to shape our world.

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