A Guide to ESL Learning & Teaching Methods

Learning English as a second language is not an easy…

Learning English as a second language is not an easy thing to do. It becomes even more challenging when trying to teach English to students. With the proper teaching method, you can help students learn English and use it as their own language. Let’s have a look at the different teaching methods of ESL learning.

What Is ESL Learning?

English as a second language, or ESL, is the teaching of students who are not native English speakers. ESL learning resources and methods are designed to prepare students to be independent learners in the academic environment.

They typically improve students’ academic achievement and self-concept by increasing English.

boy in blue and white plaid shirt reading book
Photo by Ismail Salad Osman Hajji dirir on Unsplash

The 5 Popular ESL Teaching Methods

Learning a second language can be challenging for anyone, no matter how fluent they might be in their native language. There are popular ESL teaching methods to better accommodate those who struggle and want to learn to speak a new language.

English-language schools worldwide present five particular teaching methods to help students learn English faster and better.

1. Direct Method

The direct method involves teaching in the target language and doesn’t allow translations in class. The emphasis is mainly on speaking rather than grammar in the direct method.

Therefore, the direct method is a very student-centered strategy. This method is also known as the “natural approach” since students are expected to acquire the target language naturally and instinctively.

2. Communicative Language Teaching (CLT)

One of the most popular approaches to teaching ESL in today’s world is communicative language teaching (CLT). This method focuses on real-life context and teaches students to make requests, explain things, and express their opinions and preferences.

CLT is less concerned with grammar accuracy and more concerned with fluency since it focuses on teaching language through real-world assignments and problem-solving.

3. Inquiry-Based Learning

Inquiry-based learning places a strong emphasis on the students’ independence and uniqueness.

Students are encouraged to take part in assignments and projects by asking questions and addressing issues with the teacher. This modern technique of teaching is gaining traction in schools around the world.

4. Total Physical Response (TPR)

Total Physical Response (TPR) is a technique for teaching language or vocabulary topics that involve physical movement in response to verbal information. Students respond to the teacher by miming, gesturing, or acting out the words in this method.

For example, students and teachers pretend to laugh and smile when learning the word ‘happy.’ TRP suggests learning the target language is easier through physical learning rather than analysis.

5. An Eclectic Approach

Many teachers combine communicative techniques, the direct method, and a variety of other ESL teaching strategies.

The eclectic approach is a fusion of multiple ways to teach language based on the learner’s goals and ability. It ensures a learning environment that works best for the students.

To Wrap Up

Teaching an ESL student is similar to teaching a student who speaks English as a first language. But the most crucial aspect of the experience is the teacher-student interaction quality.

ESL teaching utilizes a plethora of teaching methods, each with its strengths and weaknesses. So it’s important to be informed about them before you invest your time and energy.

Frequently asked questions

How do you teach low level ESL students?

  • Slow down, not slow down.
  • Speak Clearly
  • Use High-Frequency Vocabulary
  • Drop the Idioms
  • You Can’t Do Courtesy For Now.
  • Replace sentences with phrases.

What is the best way to learn ESL?

  • Set your goals. Language learning doesn’t always mean being fluent.
  • Find ESL classes
  • Study vocabulary
  • Practice conversations
  • Read English media
  • Have fun
  • Vocabulary resources
  • Conversation practice

What are the 5 tips to learn English?

  • Get to know everything you can.
  • Engage in new vocabulary.
  • The human experience is real.
  • Subscribe to podcasts or Youtube channels (in English).
  • Go abroad
  • Use your friends
  • Frequently ask questions
  • Let the stars lead you.

How do I start my lesson?

  • Let’s start with a video. Kids love a good video.
  • Starting with a single object. Make your students wonder what a topic is if you show them objects related to it.
  • Start with a question.
  • Start with Movement
  • Start with a mistake.

How can I teach English to ESL?

  • Make connections with your students.
  • Provide a safe learning environment.
  • Establish routines
  • Slowly speak and enunciate words.
  • Use non-verbal communication
  • Make things visual
  • Check for understanding
  • Be adaptable

What order should I teach ESL?

  • The verb “to be” and sentence structure (English follows S-V-O (subject-verb-object) word order, whereas other languages may be different).
  • Noun
  • Personal pronouns
  • Demonstrative adjectives are like this, that, those, these.
  • Yes/no questions
  • Articles
  • Adjectives
  • Verbs and tenses

What is ESL teaching methods?

As a result of the slow buildup of skills, students learn to communicate from the very beginning. Direct Method uses only target language for instruction and builds up an arsenal of everyday vocabulary and sentences quickly without teaching grammar.

What are the 5 methods of teaching?

Teacher-centred methods, learner-centrated methods, content-focused methods and interactive/participative methods are examples of these methods.

What do beginner ESL students do?

  • Keep instructions simple and clear.
  • Listen first
  • Drill, repeat, drill, repeat..
  • Language in classrooms is crucial.
  • Avoid metalanguage
  • Remember that your students are fluent in their own language(s).
  • Keep them talking, prepare well, prepare a lot.

How do you plan a English speaking lesson?

What do ESL students struggle with?

Cultural shock is often a problem for ESL learners, which can hinder their education and progress. The anxiety from cultural rejection is the result of losing all familiar signs and symbols of social interaction.

How do I teach ESL grammar?

What should I teach ESL for beginners?

Most instruction in the classroom can also be boiled down to a few basic words. Listen, read, write, look, stand up, and sit down. When you repeat the same words in your instruction, students who have no previous experience in the English language will learn those words quickly and understand them better.

What skills do ESL teachers need?

  • Time Management
  • Public Speaking
  • Problem Solving. Imagine you’ve planned a class, you know the students, and everything is going well.
  • Sales Skills
  • Communication Skills. A listing is repeated on job descriptions and says that the applicant must have excellent communication skills.

What should an ESL curriculum include?

ESL Curriculum Components In general, students from beginner to intermediate levels should focus on all language skills – reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Please consider incorporating these four parts into your lessons and dedicating an equal amount of time to each.

A Guide to ESL Learning & Teaching Methods

Pam is an expert grammarian with years of experience teaching English, writing and ESL Grammar courses at the university level. She is enamored with all things language and fascinated with how we use words to shape our world.

5 Grammar Strategies for ELL Students

English Language Learners or Ell students are people over the age of five. They are actively learning the English Language…

May 23, 2022

8 ESL Dictation Exercises for Students

As an English speaker, you may have had dictation lessons in grade school. This was where the teacher read you…

May 23, 2022

An Interesting Guide on Creative Approaches for ESL Methods

Teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) requires you to think of creative lecture strategies. You have to know different…

May 23, 2022

A Guide on Creative ESL Writing Activities

If you want to learn about some of the best tips about ESL writing activities, you might find this article…

May 23, 2022

A Basic Guide on Interesting ESL Conversation Practice Worksheets

Studying English as a Second Language (ESL) does not only focus on the concept of writing. It also means you…

May 23, 2022

How to Quickly and Effectively Learn English Languages

With more than a quarter of the world speaking English, there are countless tools on how to quickly and effectively…

May 23, 2022

ESL Essay Writing: 7 Tips for Success

ESL essay writing is crucial for students who must cope with organizing their thoughts and building their arguments using the…

May 23, 2022

Top 5 Creative ESL Activities for Kids

Our top five creative ESL activities for kids is one that every teacher should be familiar with. These activities will…

May 23, 2022

What Do You Need to Be An ESL Teacher?

ESL teachers specialize in helping non-native speakers of all ages and levels learn English. This includes the grammar, vocabulary and…

May 19, 2022