Changing Sentences in English: Types of Transformations

Experienced writers use a variety of sentence structures and styles…

Experienced writers use a variety of sentence structures and styles to engage the readers and incorporate diversity in writing. Combining different types of sentences eliminates repetition and emphasizes key themes in the text. Moreover, changing sentences allows you to present an idea in multiple ways without changing the meaning.

This article discusses the components of a sentence and the types of transformations in the English language with appropriate examples.

What Is a Clause?

A clause is a group of words that are related by a subject-predicate relationship, but it is not always considered a complete sentence. Clauses in the English language can be of 2 types which are as follows.

Independent Clause

An independent clause contains both a subject and a predicate and can stand alone, forming a complete sentence. It can also be a part of a multi-clause sentence.

Example: I will not go to work today.

Dependent Clause

A dependent clause, also known as a subordinate clause, contains a subject and a predicate but cannot stand alone expressing a complete thought. In English grammar, a dependent clause must always be a part of another sentence for complete meaning. The three types of dependent clauses are as follows:

Adjective Clause:

An adjective clause or relative clause functions as an adjective to describe or modify a noun or pronoun in a sentence.

  • The books that we bought yesterday were the wrong ones.

Adverb Clause:

An adverbial clause is a group of words that functions together as an adverb to modify a verb, adjective, or adverb in a sentence.

  • She takes her child to school before leaving for work every morning.

Noun Clause:

noun clause is a group of words that functions as a noun in a sentence, whether they are subjects, objects, or subject complements.

  • I don’t know what she is talking about.
A person holding on red pen while writing on book
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The Three Types of Sentences in English

A sentence is a group of words or phrases that expresses a complete idea in the form of a statement, question, or exclamation. Based on the structure, there are three main types of sentences in English.

1. Simple Sentence: It must have a subject and a verb, but it may or may not have an object modifier. A simple sentence consists of one independent clause only.

Example: I always wanted to be a doctor.

2. Compound Sentence: It consists of two or more independent clauses and has no dependent clauses.

Example: I wanted to meet you before you left, but my mother was sick.

3. Complex Sentence: It consists of one independent clause with one or more dependent clauses.

Example: Although I was tired, I went to the shop with my mother.

Changing Sentences from Simple to Complex

A simple sentence can be transformed into a compound or complex sentence. This is usually achieved by turning a phrase or word into a clause. A complex or compound sentence can also be converted to a simple sentence by condensing a clause into a word or phrase.

Below are some standard rules of transformation from simple to complex sentences.

Rule 1

Add “since/when/as” to the first half of a simple sentence containing “Being/ Verb + ing” to transform it into a complex sentence.

  • Simple: After receiving the medal she hugged her mother.
  • Complex: As she received the medal, she hugged her mother.

Rule: 2

Add “so…that” to a simple sentence containing “Too…to” to transform it into a complex sentence.

  • Simple: He was too busy to talk to me.
  • Complex: He was so busy that he couldn’t talk to me.

Rule: 3

Add “since” at the beginning of a simple sentence containing “because of” to transform it into a complex sentence.

  • Simple: He couldn’t join the army because of his leg injury.
  • Complex: Since he had a leg injury, he couldn’t join the army.

Rule: 4

A simple sentence in the form “subject + verb + object + present participle” can be transformed into a complex sentence by “subject + verb + object + relative pronoun of object + be verb based on the pronoun and tense + rest of the sentence.

  • Simple: I saw a little run running in the park.
  • Complex: I saw a little girl who was running in the park.

Rule: 5

Add “if/in case” to a simple sentence containing “without” to transform it into a complex sentence.

  • Simple: The cake will look incomplete without the topping.
  • Complex: The cake will look incomplete if you don’t do the topping.

Rule: 6

Replace “at the time” in a simple sentence with “when” to transform it into a complex sentence.

Simple: She drafted the outline of the project at the time of the meeting.

Complex: She drafted the outline of the project when she was in the meeting.

To Wrap Up

Changing sentences is key to holding onto the attention of your audience. Adding a variety of sentence styles and structures will make your writing more engaging and appealing to the readers.

This article discusses the different types of sentences and some transformational rules of simple to complex sentences. Hope you find this article helpful!

Frequently asked questions

What are the rules of transformation of sentences?

“Subject + verb + object + present participle” is a simple sentence, which becomes a complex sentence by adding “subject + both verb and object + relative pronoun of the object + be verb according to relative.

Why do we transform sentences?

We have an objective to enhance our usage skills by testing a number of ways of presenting a sentence in multiple ways, but without changing its actual meaning. Here is my experience as a worker since 2010, I can also say as if I worked here in 2010.

What is Transformation in English grammar?

In grammar, a transformation is a type of syntactic rule or convention that moves an element from one position to another in a sentence. Known as a T-rule, it takes its name from Latin, “between forms.”.

How do you change the structure of a sentence?

  • Embrace short sentences
  • Simple sentences follow dense sentences.
  • When possible, use the active voice.
  • Choose from a variety of transition words.
  • Semicolons decrease conjunctions
  • Make a strong thesis statement in persuasive writing.
  • Use rhetorical questions

How do you change a complex sentence into a simple sentence?

Subordinate clauses can be reduced into a word or phrase to make a simple sentence. Here are a few examples. A noun clause can be reduced into a noun phrase to convert a complex sentence into merely a simple sentence. It’s complex: I know he’s honest.

What is passive transformation in linguistics?

Passiveness is the process of transforming a sentence from an active form to a passive form in English grammar. The process of passing is well known as raising. The alternative spelling is passivisation (typically British).

What’s the difference between change and transform?

While change refers to the implementation of several finite initiatives that may or may not affect the entire organization, transformation is focused around a portfolio of interdependent or intersecting initiatives intended to reinvent the organization as a whole.

How many types of transformations are there?

Translate, rotate, reflect, and dilate are four common types of transformation.

What is the difference between changing sentence and transformation of sentence?

-Synonyms: Change, Noun, or Verb. On the other hand, the word Transformation can be considered a noun, which derives from the verb Transform. It might seem to some people that since both words are nouns, they carry the same meaning.

How do you convert simple complex and compound sentences?

How do you change a assertive sentence into a negative sentence?

The word negative is necessary to convert an affirmative sentence into a negative. Don’t use ‘not’ for an auxiliary verb. I’m not going there.

What is the easiest way to learn transformation sentences?

How do you convert an assertive sentence to an interrogative sentence?

Interrogative sentences are possible by adding the auxiliary verb before the subject.

What are types of sentences?

English has four types of sentences: declarative, exclamatory, imperative, and interrogatory. Different sentence types serve different purposes. Learning how to use different sentence types will help you improve your writing skills.

How do you change a sentence from simple to compound and complex?

Compound Complexes: How To Change. To + / in the simple sentence, we are able to convert the sentences into complexes using “In order that/ so that S+ can/may..”. We also use “so” to convert the simple and complex sentence into a compound sentence and the subjects are the same.

Changing Sentences in English: Types of Transformations

Pam is an expert grammarian with years of experience teaching English, writing and ESL Grammar courses at the university level. She is enamored with all things language and fascinated with how we use words to shape our world.

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