Clear Guide to Introduction & Conclusion Paragraphs Examples

The introduction and conclusion play a major role in academic…

The introduction and conclusion play a major role in academic essays. Writing these paragraphs typically requires much of your focus. While the introduction engages the reader, the conclusion makes a lasting impression on the reader. Proper introduction and conclusion paragraphs examples will make the idea clear.

An effective introduction must pique the reader’s curiosity. It should state your topic, give relevant background information, and describe your essay’s specific focus.

The conclusion, on the other hand, provides a sense of closure and sets your concepts in a somewhat broader framework. This article will discuss how to structure the introduction and conclusion paragraphs for academic papers with examples.

How to Write an Effective Introduction

The introduction paragraph aims to introduce the reader to the topic. The thesis statement explains the primary purpose and clarifies the argument of the paper. This should pique the reader’s interest and make them want to keep reading the paper.

Take into account the following tips to draw readers in and fill out your introduction:

  • Find a startling statistic demonstrating the gravity of the issue you intend to address.
  • Cite an expert to accentuate the credibility of your work.
  • Mention a widespread misconception that your thesis will refute.
  • Provide brief background information for better comprehension of the essay.
  • Use a short narrative or anecdote to explain your reasoning for selecting the topic. For personal reflection essays, you may draw from personal experiences. For research essays, use a narrative that depicts a common real-world situation. 
  • In the case of technical writing, define any possibly unfamiliar term to your audience if that is essential to understanding the essay.
  • For scientific papers, explain fundamental scientific concepts and refer to relevant works of literature.

Avoid the following errors when writing your essay introduction:

  • Don’t give dictionary definitions for the terms that your audience is already familiar with.
  • Refrain from using the professor’s exact words when repeating the assignment requirements.
  • Don’t include detailed or lengthy explanations that are better left for your body paragraphs.
a fountain pen tip placed on black lined paper
Photo by Aaron Burden on Unsplash

How to Write Effective Conclusions

A conclusion paragraph summarizes the “takeaway” or relevance of the discussion while reminding the reader of the paper’s key arguments. You could use the following tips to write an effective conclusion paragraph for your essay.

  • Remember to refer back to your introduction paragraph to guide your conclusion.
  • Rephrase and restate the thesis statement of the essay. It is advisable to reword the thesis rather than repeat it entirely.
  • You should summarize the key points from each of your body paragraphs.
  • It’s wise to give the reader something to ponder after finishing the essay to encourage further research into the topic.
  • Briefly reiterate a quotation, example, or anecdote from the introduction with insights from the body paragraphs.
  • For scientific papers, mention relevant directions for additional research on your subject.
  • Bringing back concepts from the introduction will help you wrap up the conclusion and engage your audience.
  • Consider the conclusion as the complete opposite of the introduction. The introduction starts with general statements and becomes more specific. However, the conclusion begins with a specific point and ends with a more general statement.

Avoid the following errors when writing your essay conclusion:

  • Introducing new content or ideas
  • Contradicting your thesis statement
  • Revising your thesis
  • Avoid using apologetic words or disclaimers

Introduction and Conclusion Paragraphs Examples

Now you know how to write an engaging introduction and conclusion paragraph. Let’s look at one example for each. We have compiled the introduction and conclusion of the same essay below.

Introduction Paragraph Example

People in academics are held to a higher standard of ethics, given their access to a wealth of resources to broaden their knowledge. Any form of dishonesty in this community changes the representation of the information presented by the person.

Most importantly, it alters how they are perceived as a person. Academic dishonesty can take many forms, including plagiarism, collusion, falsification, conspiracy, misrepresentation, and cheating. However, plagiarism is the most widely known in academic fields.

In this essay, I’ll talk about academic dishonesty, with a focus on plagiarism and its adverse effects and prevention strategies.

Conclusion Paragraph Example

Even the smallest act of academic dishonesty, whether deliberate or accidental, can have a significant negative effect. The fundamental ideals of honesty, fairness, and integrity must be at the center of the academic experience.

Since academic dishonesty reduces the value of your past, current, and future work, it is crucial to prevent it. Academic dishonesty has a negative influence not only on the individual committing it but also on the institution they are enrolled in.

Anyone who violates these values must be evicted. In academia, truth and honesty are prioritized. It is preferable to fail openly and with integrity than to succeed by breaking the rules.

Wrapping Up

The introduction and conclusion paragraphs are the most important ones in your essay, as they can make or break your piece. The introduction states the central argument of your paper while enticing the reader to keep reading. And the conclusion sums up your essay on a positive note while giving a sense of closure on the topic.

Writing a good introduction and conclusion is often tedious and difficult for many students. But this article provides introduction and conclusion paragraphs examples with valuable tips to craft a compelling essay opening and closing.

Clear Guide to Introduction & Conclusion Paragraphs Examples

Abir is a data analyst and researcher. Among her interests are artificial intelligence, machine learning, and natural language processing. As a humanitarian and educator, she actively supports women in tech and promotes diversity.

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