Descriptive Essay: Function, Purpose and Process

Descriptive essay writing tells a story through adjectives and details. It is more than analytical writing because it gives room for vivid scenes and strong expressions to make a point.

A descriptive essay describes anything from an object to a person. It’s a form of writing that uses sensory information to enable readers to use their five senses to understand the topic.

The objective of a descriptive essay is to present enough information for the reader to visualize the topic.

This article examines the function, purpose, and steps of crafting a stellar descriptive essay. Let’s dive in!

silver iphone 6 on white paper
silver iphone 6 on white paper

Why are Students Assigned Descriptive Essays?

A descriptive essay provides a full explanation of the subject and creates a mental image for the reader. It could be about any object, location, person, feeling, or circumstance. It appears similar to writing a narrative essay but is distinct and gives opposing viewpoints.

Descriptive essays are frequently assigned to high school and college students. This is because students’ writing skills are honed through descriptive essays, which in turn benefits their future academic and professional endeavors.

A descriptive essay promotes student’s ability to evoke a mental image by appealing to the reader’s senses.

Purpose of a Descriptive Essay

The objective of a descriptive essay is to describe a person, item, location, or scenario. A descriptive speech or essay paints a vivid image of the subject for the reader. The author employs vivid language to help the reader comprehend the essay’s subject.

Descriptive essays do not require convincing readers or providing evidence to substantiate a point as an argumentative essay requires. Instead, it strives to provide the reader with all the pertinent information regarding the chosen topic to facilitate comprehension.

Elements of a Descriptive Essay

There are elements to descriptive essay writing. These elements include:

1. Sensory Details

It entails evoking the readers’ emotions and establishing a connection with them. They engage the reader’s senses, such as sight, touch, smell, and taste, to construct a vivid image of the topic.

2. Figurative Language

Figurative language is a crucial component of a descriptive essay. The subject’s character profile is created using metaphors, similes, adjectives, adverbs, etc.

This sketch lets the reader experience what the author felt about the topic and envision the topic.

3. Central Theme

A descriptive essay has a central theme. The principal subject develops and leads the essay’s content and facilitates the organization of its specifics. It should be well-defined and singularly focused.

4. Precise Language

The impression of your essay is dependent on the language you have employed. The wording should underline the essay’s fundamental idea and purpose. Avoid using imprecise and unclear language.

5. Organized Structure

A well-organized structure is crucial to this essay. Also essential are the chronology, physical position, and order.

How to Write a Descriptive Essay?

Writing a successful descriptive essay requires selecting a topic, constructing an outline, organizing ideas, and including pertinent details.

Let’s view the process of descriptive writing in details:

1. Select a Topic

Selecting a strong topic for your essay is essential. The topic of the essay should be captivating so that the reader is compelled to stay with you throughout the essay.

2. Construct an Outline

Create an outline for your descriptive essay to organize your facts in a logical order. It will assist you in managing your essay and serve as a reminder to include all sensory information.

3. Create an Introduction

The essay’s first section is the introduction. It presents the main issue and contains a strong opinion that establishes the essay’s first impression. The introduction provides a concise outline of the essay’s content.

4. Create an enlightening thesis statement

A descriptive essay’s thesis statement specifies the essay’s scope and aim. It is a small topic line that must be concise and exact. Creatively write the statement and employ descriptive language.

Creating intrigue in the thesis statement draws the reader into the essay’s body.

5. Develop Body Paragraphs

The body paragraphs reinforce the introduction and purpose and adhere to the direction outlined in the thesis. Use subject statements as the opening sentence of each paragraph and provide evidence to support them.

Next, connect your paragraphs with transitional phrases. The majority of transitional words in this article are conjunctions. Use conjunctions that are suitable for your writing.

In the case of experience and memories, arrange your paragraphs in an orderly fashion.

6. Give an Effective Conclusion

As the conclusion is the final section of an essay, this is your final opportunity to wow the reader. It summarizes the essay and suggests a route ahead.

You may use phrases such as “to conclude,” “in conclusion,” and “finally” to indicate the conclusion of the essay. Your conclusion will restate the thesis statement and describe the findings if it is a research paper.

The closing sentence of an essay should summarize the purpose of the essay and leave a lasting impression.

To Wrap Up

Students are given the option of using the descriptive essay as a writing assignment to improve the quality of their writing. The objective of a descriptive essay is to present a known concept or issue from a new angle, revealing what lies under the surface.

Abir is a data analyst and researcher. Among her interests are artificial intelligence, machine learning, and natural language processing. As a humanitarian and educator, she actively supports women in tech and promotes diversity.

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