A Creative Guide to Sensory Details

Sensory details are words and phrases that help enhance a story, painting a picture for the reader. Writers use sensory language to help readers feel a sense of what’s happening in their story.

Sensory language can range from specific words and phrases to vivid descriptions of emotions. This article explains the different types of sensory elements to take your writing to the next level.

What Are Sensory Details?

Sensory details make use of the five senses, which are sight, touch, sound, taste, and smell. It gives a depth of detail to your writing and makes it come alive in the reader’s mind.

Although sensory language is primarily used in narratives, it can also be incorporated into many types of writing to boost your work. Sensory elements are powerful and memorable because they allow your reader to see, hear, smell, taste, or feel your words.

Why Are Sensory Details Important in Writing?

Sensory details add realism to the characters and provide life-like details, which create a sense of immersion throughout the writing. These words and phrases in writing can make certain connections with the reader.

For example, the smell of rain on the wind, the feel of a feather, or the whispering in the ear. It could also be the crackle of the fire or the emotion when you come home to find a letter from your lover.

The best writers can convey the sensory elements in a way that the reader can tap into their characters’ lives. Sensory language can effectively draw readers in and make the text more realistic.

A pile of books on a table with a mug on top
Photo by Ella Jardim on Unsplash

Types of Sensory Details With Examples

Numerous instances of sensory elements can be found in literature, poetry, film, TV series, and even video games. For the reader to visualize what is happening in the story, the authors refer to the sense of touch, sight, sound, taste, and smell.


Sight words relate o vision and describe the appearance of something, such as its color, size, and shape. Authors often use sight or visual imagery to describe a scene.

Sight Word Examples:

  • Going out in the bright and scorching sunlight was not a good idea.
  • Her deep black party gown was elegant and enchanting, with the detailing of glossy sequence work.
  • The bright blue sky looked beautiful with fluffy white clouds and flying birds circling around.
  • I was hoping for a big slice of cake but instead got a teeny-tiny piece.


Onomatopoeia is also a term used for sound words. These words phonetically mimic, resemble, or suggest the sound it describes. They can make a poem or piece of writing appeal to the sense of hearing. 

Sound Word Examples:

  • The deafening roar from the background made it impossible to hear what he was saying from the other side.
  • The noisy and boisterous children were running across the field.
  • As soon as he turned on the radio, it crackled and stopped working.
  • The grinding gears and screeching of the brakes broke the silence.


Scents are often challenging to describe but effectively trigger memory and emotions. Smell words help describe common scents like roses, food, grass, or dirt.

Both taste and smell connect with each other and which is why you’ll often find the same word describing both, for instance, ‘sweet.’

Smell Word Examples:

  • The sweet and flowery smell of the perfume was addictive.
  • I brought some new aromatic plants for my garden.
  • The pungent smell from the chemistry lab filled the corridor.
  • The rancid smell from the natural oils made it clear that it was expired.


Touch words are used to describe tactile imagery. These words vividly describe the feelings and sensations a human being experiences by touching something.

Touch words are also used to describe the difference in temperature, emotional feelings, or the texture of something.

Touch Word Examples:

  • I knew his abrasive behavior would get him disqualified from the first round.
  • I was forced to wear the itchy sweater on Christmas to make my grandmother happy.
  • She was freezing in the chilly weather outside.
  • The coarse sand on the beach was hard on her feet.


Taste words are interesting and are used to describe flavors. They are frequently used in comparisons and metaphors to describe the flavor of food that entices your taste buds.

Taste words can also refer to the sensations and textures associated with eating. Some typical taste includes sweet, salty, bitter, and sour.

Taste Word Examples:

  • The place brought back so many bittersweet memories.
  • The fresh muffins were delicious.
  • A blend of sweet rice and coconut can make a scrumptious coating for the shrimps.
  • The tangy pickle tasted too sour.


Sensory elements in writing help create a realistic and immersive experience for the reader. They go beyond just the visual and audible aspects of writing and offer a genuine experience for the reader.

In order to help build those detailed scenes, writers need to focus on the various modes of sensory perception. This article covers the most common sensory details used in writing which are touch, taste, sight, sound, and smell.

Abir is a data analyst and researcher. Among her interests are artificial intelligence, machine learning, and natural language processing. As a humanitarian and educator, she actively supports women in tech and promotes diversity.

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