“After” Spelling — a Guide to Writing the Word Correctly

After is defined as a time that is later than another time. An instance of the word after is when something occurs following something else. After is defined as that which leads to a consequence.

In Britain, the term “afters” can be used as a noun to refer to the final sweet course of a meal. This is commonly referred to as “dessert” or “pudding” in English.

Everyday English book
Photo by Ivan Shilov on Unsplash

What Part of Speech is After?

After is employed in the following situations:

1. As an Adverb (when no noun follows)

As an adverb, we can use after but thereafter is more usual. When after is employed, it is typically within an adverb phrase. 

Check out these examples:

  • He passed away on May 6th and was buried two days after.
  • They lived happily ever after.
  • Mrs. Florence died soon after.

2. As conjunction (linking two sentences)

It is important to note that subordinating conjunctions such as ‘because, since, and after’ connect a dependent to an independent clause. This connection helps to stress the central concept of an independent sentence.

After as conjunction has the primary function of connecting different phrase sections. This connection assists you in underlining key concepts or activities. 

Conjunctions help you build more complex and engaging sentences and improve the flow of your writing.

Some examples are:

  • He will call you after I speak with him
  • She went back to the village after he decided to join the army
  • He left shortly after they arrived.

3. As a Preposition or Noun Phrase

Prepositions are used to express a connection between two words. Prepositions include: in, during, beside, after, for, and after. 

Some examples include:

  • We named her after her maternal aunt
  • They had a little chit-chat after the interview
  • After all that transpired between them, they are still jolly good friends.

4. As an Adjective

Adjectives are words that describe others. They are words that modify nouns and pronouns. Adjectives enhance the clarity of a noun’s meaning. Adjectives include: Small, beautiful, ugly, big, etc. After as an adjective is informal and signifies later, subsequently, succeeding, next, etc.

Check out these examples:

  • The after gun is mounted aft.
  •  In after years, we grew apart.
  • After years, he often thought about the exciting times of his youth.
  • His cabin is located in the after section of the blue ship”.

After Spelling: How Do You Spell After?

After spelling can heavily impact how it’s pronounced. The correct spelling of After is a-f-t-e-r. It is a five-letter word.

The most fantastic technique to familiarize yourself with the typical sounds of English is to examine the word’s phonetics. The British English transcription for ‘after’ is ɑ́ːfdə. It has two syllables, “AAF” + “tuh.”

Guidelines to Help Perfect the Pronunciation of After

Dissect the word “after” into its component parts using [AAF] + [TUH]. Repeat this sound aloud until you can do it reliably.

Then watch and listen to the recordings you made of yourself pronouncing ‘after’ in complete sentences. You’ll be able to see where your weak points are.

Pick either the British or American accent and stick to it. Combining numerous dialects, especially for novices, can be pretty tricky.

To Wrap Up

After may function as an adverb, conjunction, adjective, or preposition. It is a versatile word used in everyday English. Using “after” as an adjective is archaic or informal. 

Pam is an expert grammarian with years of experience teaching English, writing and ESL Grammar courses at the university level. She is enamored with all things language and fascinated with how we use words to shape our world.

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