Importance and Purpose of Effective Introduction

Starting to write can be daunting, especially if you’re new to the craft. Even professional writers say the most challenging part of writing is the beginning. But the task can be streamlined when you understand the purpose of an introduction in an essay and follow a particular structure.

To help you get started, let’s look at the purpose of the introduction in writing to help you get yours just right.

Why Is an Introduction Important?

The introduction is the first paragraph a reader will read of your essay or article. It should be written to establish the tone of your writing.

It lets the reader know what the over-arching idea of your work is and what you are setting out to do. It’s important to have a particular focus. This focus will become the central idea that your reader will remember in order to understand the rest of what you are saying.

What Is the Purpose of an Introduction?

Besides grabbing attention, the introduction serves a few other important purposes. The introduction is the section of writing that usually provides the central idea underpinning the work.

Simply put, the purpose of an introduction is to offer readers an overview of the topic at hand. It allows the writer to convey any conceptual framework they need to consider when writing the body of the paper. Here are the main purposes of introduction in writing:

1. Introduce the Topic of the Essay

Introductions are a crucial part of your essay. It will allow your readers to understand what type of essay they are reading and what they can expect from the essay.

An introduction should get the reader interested in the topic and ensure that the reader is on the same page as you. As always, make sure that you are clear and concise.

2. Give a General Background of the Topic

An introduction gives the reader a general background of the topic at hand. It sets the tone and gives them a sense of relevance.

The opening will give readers a foundation on which they can build their knowledge of the topic. And it will also help readers understand the context in which the work occurs.

Think of it like the destination you are heading to or the main point you are trying to get across.

3. Indicate the Overall Plan of the Essay

An introduction is the best way to set the tone and purpose of the essay. It should communicate to the audience the overarching significance of what is to follow. This introduces the reader to the overall plan of the essay and establishes a frame of reference for the content in the essay. From here, the essay can proceed, building on the pyramid of exposition.

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How to Write a Good Introduction?

The introduction is a vital part of an essay, report, or other written piece. A good introduction should hook the reader, call for a response, and foreshadow and arouse interest for the rest of the article.

Let’s look at some strategies to write an effective introduction.

Consider the Question You Are Trying to Answer

Your introduction is the first step in answering this question, which will be the focus of your entire essay.

The direct answer to this question will be included in your thesis statement, which is the main component of your introduction. So, using the specific question as the starting point to guide your introduction is a good idea.

Choose Whether to Start General or Broad.

Make sure that your purpose is clear from the beginning. This can be accomplished by asking yourself what understanding of the material you desire to achieve.

Then, decide how general or broad your opening should be and plan accordingly. Ensure that you have a strong point and lead into it smoothly and naturally. Make your point sharp, concise, and well-worded.

Try Writing Your Introduction Last

Writing an introduction doesn’t happen in one sitting and can be a lengthy process. To write a good introduction, you should start writing it last. You can craft a better introduction when you have the whole body of your piece of work completed and ready.

Write a Draft Introduction First and Then Change It Later

To get started with the writing process, you can write a draft introduction first. Drafting an introduction first will save you from a lot of rewriting later. Once you have crafted the body paragraphs and added more points, you can go back to the introduction to change it for the better.

Open With an Attention Grabber

Your introduction is one of the most important parts of your writing. It is one of the first things your readers see before they know or learn more about your topic. This is why it needs to be well-written and attention-grabbing. Start your introduction with an attention-grabbing statement relevant to your article topic.


The purpose of an introduction is to present the topic and set up its significance in relation to the rest of the essay. It is typically also the opening paragraph of an essay.

Writing introductions can be frustrating, but the need for one is essential for an essay that is well executed and organized. Writing a good introduction helps narrow the focus of what you’re trying to address and helps to structure the whole content.

Abir is a data analyst and researcher. Among her interests are artificial intelligence, machine learning, and natural language processing. As a humanitarian and educator, she actively supports women in tech and promotes diversity.

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