Paraphrasing & Quoting: Citation in Chicago Style

It might not be easy to see if you have used someone else’s words without citing them.

Luckily, there are resources to help you cite information paraphrased from a text source. You’ll find Chicago-style references in many kinds of writing, including academic papers and essays, presentations, and blogs.

If you’re not aware of how to cite paraphrase in Chicago style, this post can help you.

What Is Chicago Style Citation?

Chicago style citation is a specific way of citing sources. It relies on alphabetizing a list of authors and quoting or paraphrasing the passage found in their work. This style is done by dividing the paragraph into relevant phrases that are then used to cite the source.

Chicago-style source citations have two different variations.

1. Notes and Bibliography

The notes and bibliography style is preferred in content related to humanities subjects, such as history, literature, and arts. In this style, your citations should appear in either footnotes or endnotes. A superscript number is added to the end of the phrase or sentence that the citation refers to after any punctuation.

2 Author-Date.

The author-date style is preferred in the science subjects, primarily social science. In this style, the sources are cited in parentheses within the text. From the author’s last name, the year of publication to page number and range are all included in this in-text citation.

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4 Citation Methods in Chicago Style

According to Chicago Style, there are four standard citation methods to refer to a source in the text of an essay, thesis, or assignment. These four citation methods are a direct quotation from another source, paraphrasing material, summarizing a source document, and citing the whole paper.

Direct Quotation

The Chicago referencing method varies for shorter and longer quotes. The differences are mentioned below:

Short Quotes

When using a text from a source shorter than 100 words, use quotation marks to include the content in your paragraph. The citation for the quotation should appear next to the quotation mark in parentheses.

You should also include the page number from where the text was taken in the citation.

Longer Quotes

When using a text from a source that is longer than 100 words, you should start a new paragraph. Furthermore, the text should be written as a single block of text.

In addition, the text should be written in double space and indented one-half inch to the right. The citation with the page number should be placed at the end of the paragraph after the punctuation.

Paraphrasing the Text

Paraphrasing is the process of rewording or rephrasing the source text in your own words.

The primary goal of paraphrasing is to communicate the concepts in your own words for a better flow of writing. And you don’t need to incorporate your thoughts or ideas into the text. However, you must still cite the source when paraphrasing.

How to Cite Paraphrase in Chicago Style?

When paraphrasing a text, you should use alternative expressions and synonyms to change the sentence structure. Paraphrasing is a common practice to avoid plagiarism in writing.

Therefore, it’s important to know how to cite paraphrase in Chicago style. When paraphrasing, you must include the page number of the original text.

Summarizing a Source Document

Summarizing a text also means writing the ideas in your own words but including only the most important points in the text.

Summaries are far shorter than the original and provide a high-level overview of the underlying material. For summarized text, you also need to cite the sources and include the page numbers.

Citing the Whole Document

It may be important to give a general reference to the entire source document at times. However, this is the least common referencing method in the Chicago style.

To Wrap Up

If you are writing a paper, it is vital to avoid plagiarism by referencing your work throughout your paper. Therefore, you should find a few different ways to document your sources throughout your paper.

Chicago style citations typically fall into one of four methods: direct quotation, paraphrase, long quotes, or summarizing. Many detailed instructions are used to properly cite a source in Chicago style. It can be daunting, but when put into practice, the end result is worth it.

Pam is an expert grammarian with years of experience teaching English, writing and ESL Grammar courses at the university level. She is enamored with all things language and fascinated with how we use words to shape our world.

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