What Is a Paraphrase Citation?

When you paraphrase, many people think you don’t have to give a citation. Understand that because you have used someone’s ideas, you are obligated to credit them, or you could be accused of plagiarism.

We’ll discuss what is a paraphrase citation below. The tips we give further down will also show you how to do a paraphrase citation.

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Photo by Janko Ferlič on Unsplash

When to Use Paraphrase Citations

Whenever you reference, summarize, paraphrase, or quote another source, you should include an in-text citation. Your reference list must contain a reference entry for every in-text citation in your paper.

APA in-text citation styles for paraphrase, for instance, use author’s last name and year of publication: (Marrow, 2020). Include the page number as well for direct quotations, for example: (Marrow, p. 77).

Websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use paragraph numbers, e.g. : (Marrow, 2022, para. 13).

What Is a Paraphrase Citation With in-Text Example

A few researchers in the field of neurolinguistics has developed practical programs designed to improve non-English speakers’ ability with the language. (Baig et al., 2018; Gander, 2016).

The training techniques they employ are based on the research described in their other work. With non-native speech exposure, comprehension improves. Baig et al. (2018) This research was conducted with their with students preparing to be teachers. The authors believe, that other professionals who work with non-English speakers may benefit from a similar program.


Baig, E. D M., Charles, D. F, & Gallagher S. B. (2002). English Speaker Listening to Non-Native Speech. Journal of Culture and Sociological Insights,23(4), 222-280.

General Guidelines

Paraphrase citations should come after the title, word, or phrase to which they are directly relevant. Don’t put them at the end of long clauses or sentences.

They should go before punctuation marks as well. Here are a few more examples of paraphrase citations.

Author’s name in parentheses:

Studies find that non-native speech is easy to comprehend given a level of familiarity (Cable & Cole, 2015).

Author’s name part of narrative:

Cable and Cole (2015) found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic.

Group as author:First citation: (Chartered Public Accountants [CPA], 2018) Subsequent citation: (CPA, 2018)

Works by Multiple Authors

Specific rule applies to citing works by multiple authors in the APA style. Here are five guidelines on how you can correctly refer to multiple authors in text.

1. Always spell out the word ‘and’ when you have multiple authors.

2. For multiple authors’ names within a parenthetic citation, use &.

3. One author: (Marrow, 2014)

4. Two authors: (Cable & Cole, 2015)

5. Three or more authors: (Baig et al., 2002)

To Wrap Up

As an individual who write either as individuals or in groups, we all know that it is vital to cite sources in our work. This becomes even more important when you paraphrase the work in question.

For example, if you paraphrase the words of someone else and place them in your own words, you should use a paraphrase citation.

Pam is an expert grammarian with years of experience teaching English, writing and ESL Grammar courses at the university level. She is enamored with all things language and fascinated with how we use words to shape our world.

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