How to Paraphrase Statistical Data?

Paraphrasing is one of the most difficult yet equally useful…

Paraphrasing is one of the most difficult yet equally useful skills you are going to have to learn when writing academic papers. Using statistics in your papers can immensely strengthen your argument. However, many students ask, “how can I paraphrase a bunch of numbers?”

For this reason, students use direct quotations when they want to incorporate statistical data into their papers. But it’s possible to use paraphrasing to include statistics on your paper instead of quotation.

In this article, we will answer the question of how to paraphrase statistical data the best we can to help you to write.

What is Paraphrasing?

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The idea of paraphrasing is to translate someone else’s ideas into your own. Paraphrasing a source requires changing the wording while preserving the original meaning.

The most successful paraphrase is your own explanation or interpretation of another person’s ideas. Paraphrasing is an effective method for restating, condensing, or clarifying another author’s ideas and providing credibility to your own argument.

Successful paraphrasing is critical for strong academic writing, and unintentional plagiarism can result from a failed one. 

Paraphrasing substitutes quoting. Quoting is easier to do; however, paraphrasing is preferred in academic writing because it allows the writer to express opinions in their own words.

Paraphrased material MUST be cited. Paraphrasing means that you are reciting the same information in your own words, but you must give credit to the original source.

Paraphrases should always include both the author and the year. You can do this through parenthetical citation or using footnotes. The citation method you use will change according to the style your instructor asks of you.

It is standard to quote in lower levels of academic writing, but at the college level, quoting directly should be done sparingly. A paper may contain only one or two direct quotes (or even zero) along with paraphrased information.

How to Paraphrase Statistical Data?

Using statistics is often a smart idea since they provide specific evidence to support your ideas, but paraphrasing statistics can present its own challenges.

It might seem difficult to paraphrase something such as “43%” in their papers. After all, the number 43 doesn’t have a synonym, so what would you have to write to paraphrase this data?

When paraphrasing, you combine your own sentence structure with your own vocabulary. Paraphrasing is only about using your own vocabulary, so you can’t use “43%”. 

As long as you use your own sentence structure, you can use the statistic without having to rephrase it.

Let’s look at an example. 

  • 65% of new restaurants close in their first year.

We could paraphrase this like this:

  • Over 60% of newly opened restaurants have to close their doors in the first 12 months.

In this paraphrase, the quote’s statistic is rephrased to reflect the original but given a different frame. When you don’t have sufficient information to rephrase a statistic, this won’t work, so make sure you use this approach judiciously.

If there are multiple statistics in a sentence, think about which statistic is important. What main idea do you intend to present with the statistic? Choose the most important one and paraphrase the statistic that matters.

Finally, you might quote the statistic partially if all else fails. Students usually try the other methods described above before trying this. However, there may be times when quoting a statistic ensures that your writing is accurate and clear.

Frequently asked questions

How do you paraphrase without plagiarizing?

Paraphrasing: Put your original text aside. Perhaps do another brief activity to distract the mind a bit for a few minutes. Don’t overthink the original text, but try to rephrase the author’s main idea in your own words. Please outline the original text in two or three possible revisions.

Do you have to paraphrase statistics?

Paraphrasing is the operation of combining your own sentence structure with your own vocabulary. Paraphrasing is just about using your own vocabulary, so you cannot use 43%. If you use your own sentence structure, you can use the statistic without having to rephrase it.

Is using a paraphrasing tool cheating?

Paraphrasing tools are commonly considered cheating because content is not unique and the tools do not give credit to authors. This is cheating because you have not written the content yourself but used a computerized tool or bot to spin it for you.

How do you paraphrase a sentence in a research paper?

  • Read the original text until you understand its meaning, then put it aside.
  • Write down the main points or concepts in your memory.
  • Read what you are reading first, rather than writing down specific ideas or phrases.
  • Be selective

What is a good example of paraphrasing?

Generally, the Giraffe would consume 75 pounds of food a day from Acacia leaves and hay. The Acacia leaves and hay of a giraffe can be consumed as much as 75 pounds per day. Tuscany is an excellent place to sample their exquisite wines on any trip to Italy.

How do you write a statistical result in a research paper?

In your statistical reports, every test should relate directly to a hypothesis. Start by simply stating each hypothesis, then stating whether your results supported it, then providing the data and statistics that helped you draw this conclusion.

What are two tips that should be followed when paraphrasing?

1. You should use your own vocabulary, phrasing, and sentence structure for your paraphrases, not your source’s phrating, or words. 2. Your paraphrase must convey your source’s ideas, tone, and emphasis in a precise manner.

How do you paraphrase a research?

  • Do not change a word here or there from a passage.
  • In the context of your paper, you should read the passage, reflect upon it, and restate it in a way that is meaningful to you.
  • Take a moment to notice the main point after reading the passage you wish to paraphrase.

What are the five steps to paraphrase?

What are the 4 R’s of paraphrasing?

Please review the graphic below explaining the 4 R’s: Read, Restate, Recheck, and Repair. Use the attached graphic organizer to help you practice paraphrasing with this strategy.

How do you paraphrase correctly?

  • Read carefully the source.
  • Here are the main points (points) and key words.
  • Rewrite the original text and cover it with your own words.
  • Paraphrase it your own way.
  • Make sure your paraphrase accurately reflects the original text but is in your style.

How do you paraphrase like a pro?

How do you comment statistical data?

Having appropriate comments is essential to a publication. In response, comments may highlight the most interesting results of the data, describe facts not immediately apparent when looking at the data or explain the significance or context of the information, or provide information on data quality.

When paraphrasing what should you avoid?

  • Ensure not to change or replace several words in an author’s sentence(s) for a paper.
  • Do not forget to acknowledge (through an in-text citation or direct quotes) the source from which you obtained your information or ideas.
How to Paraphrase Statistical Data?

Pam is an expert grammarian with years of experience teaching English, writing and ESL Grammar courses at the university level. She is enamored with all things language and fascinated with how we use words to shape our world.

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