Paraphrase with Multiple Authors: A Guide to APA Citations

Sometimes, you may paraphrase by combining a range of views…

Sometimes, you may paraphrase by combining a range of views and perspectives from multiple authors that discuss the same idea or concept. Regardless of how well you paraphrase, you must credit all the authors through in-text citations. How to paraphrase with multiple authors? This article is all you need to get started.

Paraphrasing and Citations: An Overview

Paraphrasing is the process of rewriting the original to produce another version that is accurate. The ability to paraphrase effectively is vital for writers, students, and researchers.

An in-text citation is a way of giving credit to sources or authors whose work you have used. Most used APA in-text citations are parenthetical and narrative citations.

The parenthetical citation provides information on the source by placing the author’s name and date in a parenthesis, at the end of the paraphrase. The narrative form of citation includes the author’s name as a part of the paraphrase, while the Year of Publication comes in a bracket. This form of citation is common at the beginning or the middle of the statement.

How to Paraphrase with Multiple Authors

In cases where you paraphrase from a source written by multiple authors, it is crucial to cite all the authors. It is not enough to mention one author and disregard the others. You’re stealing an author’s work if you don’t acknowledge them. Plagiarism comes with severe consequences, and you wouldn’t want to be guilty of such an unethical act. The tips below will guide you on acknowledging multiple authors.  

1. Two Authors

In citing two authors in a parenthetical citation, the authors’ last names should be separated by the ampersand symbol (&), followed by year of publication. For example:

… overreliance on detailed rules (Pierre & Frank, 2007).

For the narrative citation, the last names of the two authors should be separated by ‘and.’ The year of publication should follow in a bracket. For instance:

McCarthy and Nash (2004) describe outsourcing as using external suppliers to achieve efficiency.

2. Three to Five Authors

First In-text Citation

When citing 3-5 authors in a parenthetical citation, include the last names of the authors, separated by the symbol (&) and year of publication.


… specified locations (Sharma, Saldana, & Katherine, 2012).

For narrative citation, the last names of the authors, separated by ‘and,’ should come first, followed by the year of publication in a bracket.

Sharma, Saldana, and Katherine (2012) described franchising as…

Subsequent citations

When citing various sources subsequently, include only the first author’s last name, followed by the abbreviation ‘et al.,’ and the year of publication.


James et al. (2012) view education as…

… society they live in (James et al., 2012).

3. Six or More Authors.

To cite six or more authors, provide the last name of the first author with “et al.,” and the year of publication. This should be done for the first and subsequent citations.


Raphael et al. (2007) described the effect…

… as harmful (Raphael et al., 2007).

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To Wrap Up

When you paraphrase from a work written by multiple authors, it is vital to adequately and appropriately cite all the authors. This article is a guide on how to paraphrase with multiple authors successfully, so your piece doesn’t pass off as plagiarized work.

Frequently asked questions

How do you cite 3 or more authors in APA 7th edition?

If you have three or more authors, you only use the first author’s surname in text, and abbreviate the rest of the list with “et al.” (Latin for “and others”). You list all the authors in your reference list (up to 20).

How do you cite multiple authors in APA 7?

Include the name of only the first author plus “et al.” in every citation, including the first reference, unless doing so creates ambiguity. Citing in-text citations a little differently, see page 106. 266-267, chapter 6.

How do you cite a paragraph with multiple authors in APA?

Use “and” between author names within the text, and use the ampersand in parentheses. In the signal phrase or in parentheses, only use the first author’s last name followed by “et al. However, as described by Elt and others, the period should not follow.

How do you cite more than 6 authors in APA?

Providing the last name of the first author with “et al.” from the first citation to the last line, if a document contains six or more authors. Thomas et al.

Do you list all authors in APA in text citation?

Articles with one or more authors include all names in every in-text citation; articles with three, four, or five authors include their names in the first in-depth citation but are abbreviated to the first author’.

How do you cite a paraphrase with multiple sources?

If you are citing multiple sources by the same author in the same paragraph, include the title of the work you are talking about along with the other information in the in-text citation paragraph.

How do you paraphrase in APA 7th edition?

In your own words, cite a source by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased portion as follows: Mother-infant attachment became a leading topic of developmental research after the publication of John.

How do you cite more than 10 authors in APA?

If there are more than eight authors, include the first author and then ‘et al. ‘. In the Reference List, include three ellipsis points after the first six authors’ names, then add the last author name in the Reference list. Snyder, S., Berman, A. A.F., Levett-Jones, T., Dwyer, T, Hales, M., Harvey, N.

How do you cite multiple sources in one sentence APA?

Citing multiple works parenthetically, place the citations in alphabetical order, separated with semicolons. You may arrange two or more pieces by the same authors by year of publication. Citations having no date should be replaced. Using chronological order, dates are arranged according to order.

How do you paraphrase 3 authors in APA?

In-text citations for works with three or more authors are shortened to the first author’s name followed by et al. and the year. References: Author’s Surname, First Initial.

How do I paraphrase in APA format?

Paraphrasing must still incorporate a parenthetical citation to acknowledge where you came from. You must include your author and date when citing paraphrased information in APA. Please also include the page number (but not required).

How do you paraphrase an article with multiple authors?

(Hurtado et al., 2003). If you are a six-author group, please use only the first author’s name followed by et al. We put multiple references in the same parentheses, alphabetically by author’s last name and separated with semi-colons. Title abbreviated should be used without author.

Paraphrase with Multiple Authors: A Guide to APA Citations

Pam is an expert grammarian with years of experience teaching English, writing and ESL Grammar courses at the university level. She is enamored with all things language and fascinated with how we use words to shape our world.

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