Paraphrase games and activities teach your students to paraphrase without…
Paraphrase games and activities teach your students to paraphrase without putting them to sleep. This article teaches and reinforces this skill in fun and exciting ways by using activities and games.
Students must sometimes find solutions or facts from what they’ve read and not merely duplicate the source. We call this “paraphrasing.”
Why does this matter? First, we want to make sure we don’t plagiarize, so we don’t use someone else’s work and call it our own. After rephrasing and rethinking, teachers need to hear what a student says to know if they understand.
Why Play Paraphrase Games?
Teachers must often hear students synthesize and rewrite words to evaluate if they grasp it. Most people aren’t born knowing how to paraphrase. These activities and games teach and reinforce paraphrase.
Most of us aren’t born knowing how to paraphrase, though. Use these games and activities to help your students learn and practice paraphrasing.
1. Paraphrasing Races
The teacher puts the students into groups and gives each group a sentence. They have three minutes to come up with as many different ways to say the sentence as they can. Each good way of putting it is worth one point. The winner is the team with the most points.
2. Fun Question and Answer
At its core, paraphrasing means rewriting something in your own words, so have students start by doing that. Split your students into pairs and ask them questions.
Questions like “What did you do yesterday after school?” Tell me your vacation plans etc.
- Student A gives a three- or four-sentence answer to the question.
- Student B rewrites what Student A said.
- Then, each pair changes roles.
You should show the class how to do this a few times before you start.
3. Quiz, Quiz, Trade Game
This is another version of the “Talk at First” Game. Start by:
- Giving each student a piece of paper with a sentence on it.
- Have students find partners.
- Student A says her sentence, and Student B rewrites it in his or her own words.
The students then switch places. Then, they trade cards and go on to find different partners.
4. The Use of Index Cards
Ask students to take something their parent or sibling says and put it in their own words. Send them home with two index cards. On one, have them write down the original idea and on the other, how they changed it. Share the next day in class.
5. Identify Me
Make index cards with samples of academic text, like a few sentences from your science or social studies book.
Give each group both a set of sample text cards and a set of blank index cards. Have each group choose someone to be the first judge and someone else to be the reader.
The judge picks a ready-made card and reads it out loud. Then, the judge puts it in the middle of the group so that everyone can see it.
Everyone in the group (except the reader) rewrites the text in their own words and writes it on a blank index card.
The card is then put in the reader. The reader reads each quoted card aloud, and the judge tries to guess who authored it. Give points for each right answer. Switch roles and keep playing until all of the task cards are used up.
6. Paraphrase Together
Try rewriting a short paragraph as a whole class. Use your document, camera or write it on the board to show the paragraph. You might want to give each student a copy. Make sure your pupils are aware of the distinction between paraphrasing and summarizing. Talk about the different ways to do things.
The students are to use the Four R’s to paraphrase correctly.
Reword the sentences
- Students should try to reword the sentences. Use synonyms for words and phrases whenever you can.
Rearrange the sentences
- Students should be able to change the order of the words in a sentence to make a new sentence. They can even switch the order of the ideas in a paragraph.
Realize that some words are unchangeable
- Students should be aware that some words and phrases cannot be changed. Words such as names, dates, titles, etc., but they can be rephrased in a different way.
Recheck for same meaning
- Make sure that the meaning of your paraphrase is the same as the original.
To Wrap Up
Paraphrase games are a great way to practice and develop your paraphrasing skills. They provide a space to reflect on and improve on your writing skills as well as work on teamwork, and creativity.
With a bit of creative thinking and originality, these games provide a lot of possibility for unforgettable moments.
Frequently asked questions
What types of learning activities can you use to teach students how do you paraphrase?
Paraphrasing can be taught by modeling it during a read-aloud session in your classroom. This may require pausing to repeat the message after reading important parts of the text. Parphrasing aloud after reading complex sentences provides clarity.
How do you practice paraphrasing?
Read the passage several times to gain a clear understanding of its meaning. ARTICLE 2 – Highlight key concepts. STEP 3 – You should create your own version without examining the original. 4. Compare the paraphrased text with the original one.
How do you teach a child to paraphrase?
Paraphraseing a text. Make sure you are aware of it. Take notes of what you read, without using the author’s words or structure after you’ve read the text. When you write the text with your notes, you will only remember the important ideas.
How can I improve my paraphrasing skills?
Do not read the original paragraphs to write down your ideas. Change the word order of your sentence to use synonyms. Compare the original to see if you are conveying the same meaning. Keep the source details on file so you can easily refer to it later.
What makes a good paraphrase?
Paraphrases that are effective are:. Original paraphrases should use your own new vocabulary, phrasing, and sentence structure, not the sentence structure and words of your source. 2. The paraphrase must reflect the ideas, tone, and emphasis of your source precisely.
What is paraphrase and examples?
It’s about translating someone else’s ideas into your own words. In paraphrasing a source, you modify the wording while keeping the original meaning intact. Paraphrasing is an alternative to quoting (copying a person’s exact words and putting them in quotation marks).
What paraphrase types?
Please paraphrase for acknowledgment and clarification. Paraphrase, to summarize and organize a person’s thinking. Paraphrase to: “shift level of abstraction” – shifting the thinking to a more abstract label. To paraphrase to “shift levels of abstraction”, we shift thinking down to a more concrete label.
What are the 4 R’s of paraphrasing?
Use the attached graphic organizer below to help you practice paraphrasing using this strategy. Here is a graphic explaining the 4 R’s: Read, Restate, Recheck, and Repair.
How do you paraphrase a sentence?
- Do not skip reading the original source.
- Identify the main points (or key words) about the story.
- Remove the original text and rewrite it in your own words.
- Your own paraphrase is best.
- You should check the paraphrase for accuracy and consistency in the original text.
How do you paraphrase for beginners?
- Consider what the key information is, for your discussion.
- Change the way in which the ideas are presented and the words are spoken.
- Please adjust the word form/grammatical form if necessary.
- Use synonyms as appropriate, but do not change any terminology.
How do you teach paraphrasing in 5th grade?
- Use synonyms whenever possible when converting words and phrases.
- Rearrange words in sentences to create new sentences.
- Some words and phrases cannot be changed, such as names, dates, titles, etc.
Why is it important for a student to learn the skill of paraphrasing?
Paraphrasing is important because it shows you understand the source well enough and can write it in your own words. As well as providing you with a powerful alternative to using direct quotes, which should only be used infrequently.
How do you explain paraphrasing to a child?
Paraphrasing is taking what someone else has written or said and putting it into your own words. Writing is about credit, and paraphrasing is how you can use information from another source in your own work.
When paraphrasing what should you avoid?
- You should avoid switching out or changing some words in your author’s sentence(s) to be used in your paper.
- It is important to acknowledge a source outside of your own (through an in-text citation or direct quotes) from which you obtained your information or ideas.