How to Structure Essay Introduction in 4 Key Steps

New to writing essays but unsure about how to structure your essay introduction? Let us break it down for you.

Since your introduction is your opportunity to capture the reader’s attention, it has a tremendous impact on your essay’s overall readability and success. That’s why it’s essential to structure an essay introduction to make your reader read on.

We’ll explain the step-by-step actions you should take to make the most of your introduction and to hook your reader from the first paragraph. 

Photo by Mike Tinnion on Unsplash

Steps on How to Structure Essay Introduction

1. Pique Curiosity

Keep your readers curious by opening your words with something clear, concise, and catchy. 

An essay should begin with the hook, giving the reader an idea of what you’re writing about and why it’s interesting. Avoid overly broad claims or plain assertions of fact. Keep your thesis statement to a sentence or two and make the topic itself explicit. This first sentence is an excellent place to start. 

Try not to use a definition straight out of the dictionary as your hook, especially if it’s a term that everyone knows. Although the improved example here is still broad, it gives us a clearer sense of what the essay will address. This beginning paragraph is also much more direct and to the point. You can see both hooks properly defined and distinguished from the essay’s body.

2. Provide Background Information

You should provide your readers with a tone and context that’ll allow them to understand your topic.

Examples of your essay’s background information may include the following: historical, current, popular, and scientific. Think about the subject, its origins and evolution, and how it affects our lives today.

These kinds of examples will aid in making your argument more vivid. They may keep your reader from thinking you are merely regurgitating old information which has no relation to the topic under discussion. 

3: Your Thesis Statement Should Be Presented

Now it’s time to be more focused and express clearly what you want to say about the topic. Your thesis statement is a sentence or two summarizing your argument. 

This is your introduction’s most important section. The thesis isn’t just a statement of fact but an assertion that requires both evidence and explanation. In essence, your thesis is what you are going to argue for.

Your thesis statement can include any number of subtleties about the topic. It can be a question that you answer or a solution you propose. Your essay’s thesis may be a contrast between two views of the topic.

You should make sure that your thesis reflects your purpose in choosing to write on this subject. If you don’t clearly state your thesis, the reader may not know what to make of your essay. 

4: Make a Map of Your Essay’s Structure

It is helpful to end your introduction by listing what you will cover in each part of your essay, especially in more extended essays. Keep your essay introduction brief so as to give your reader a clear idea of what direction your argument will take. 

This makes it better to wait till you are done with the writing process before writing the introduction paragraph. It could even be the last thing you write. After completing the essay body and conclusion, ensure the introduction matches the essay content. 

Especially important is making sure your thesis statement represents what you do in the essay. If your argument has gone differently than you planned, adjust your thesis statement to match what you say. 


The steps listed above will help you craft your essay introduction in a way that will get you started on the right track. You now have an understanding of how the introduction should look, and how to effectively write one to make your essay stand out.

By making this introduction an outline, You should be able to break the introduction down into smaller parts that are easier to understand. This seems to be the most logical way to write an introduction to an essay. It keeps your readers interested, simplifies what they want to say, and makes it easy to work with.

Abir is a data analyst and researcher. Among her interests are artificial intelligence, machine learning, and natural language processing. As a humanitarian and educator, she actively supports women in tech and promotes diversity.

How to Write a Synthesis Essay Outline

One of the most interesting assignments you could have is writing a synthesis essay. For a college or university student,…

November 14, 2022

Learning the Structure of an Informational Essay

Academic writing assignments, primarily essays, are required of all college and university students. That’s because they think it will aid…

November 14, 2022

The Correct Way to Structure an Article

Writing non-fiction has a set format that can be followed, which makes it not all that different from writing fiction.…

November 14, 2022

Exploring the Structure of a Response Essay

You will typically be expected to write in a formal and impersonal voice when you are given the assignment of…

November 14, 2022

Writing a Persuasive Essay? Use This Structure!

Writing essays is a requirement of your academic program as a college student. Whether you love them or loathe them,…

November 14, 2022

Writing a Proposal Essay? Read This!

Are you writing a proposal essay? To write it correctly, we have to know what a proposal essay actually is.…

November 14, 2022