Writing a Proposal Essay? Read This!

Are you writing a proposal essay? To write it correctly, we have to know what a proposal essay actually is.

Students frequently receive assignments for research papers. Although many students can write one based on the essay prompt, many students struggle to finish a proposal argument essay.

One of the biggest problems for students is that they can’t distinguish between a proposal essay and a research proposal for an essay!

In today’s guide, we are going to take a look at what actually is a proposal essay. Not only that, but we are also going to look at the proposal essay structure to help you write your own!

What’s a Proposal Essay?

person holding on red pen while writing on book
Photo by lilartsy on Unsplash

A proposal essay or paper, as the name implies, is a style of academic writing that puts forth an idea and supports it with evidence to convince the reader that the idea is sound or not. It is, a research paper with a particular focus.

For instance, it would be wise to present a persuasive case for why it is necessary to stop teenagers from developing a cigarette addiction rather than simply arguing that smoking has negative health effects.

Despite the fact that proposals are written in the topics of business, economics, and management, they are also written by students, scientists, and people in other academic and professional fields.

Although proposals are generally a significant part of business and economic transactions, they are not limited to those two areas. You may write proposals for any college classes, scientific topics, as well as personal and other professional areas.

A research paper that proposes persuades the reader to accept the idea or alteration it suggests. Additionally, it demonstrates the mastery of the theories in a particular field. It also argues in favor of putting a concept or change process into practice. Furthermore, it validates a program, idea, or change’s viability, usability, and applicability.

How to Write a Proposal Essay?

The purpose of a proposal essay or proposal argument is to convince your readers that an idea is realistic. Additionally, it might convince the reader that an idea isn’t worthwhile.

As a result, it’s crucial that you comprehend your target market in great detail. Do they work in academia or business? How well-informed are they about the problem? Why and what information do you want to give them? Will your recommendation be accepted? What strategy works the best?

You can set the purpose and tone of the proposal essay by knowing and identifying your reader. For instance, you might propose an idea with financial advantages to gain the trust and time of management and businesspeople.

Understanding the reader for your proposal will help you structure it more effectively and quickly to capture their interest from the outset.

You need toconsider what you want the reader to take away from your suggestion. Additionally, you need to give them some information to help in decision-making. Selecting a preferred style that will impress the readers is also helpful.

To get your readers to understand the main points of your proposal, you need to understand who you are writing for. The reader in educational settings is typically a professor, teaching assistant, associate professor, or instructor/lecturer. Maintain the proposal essay prompt in this situation.

You need to demonstrate your comprehension of the topic while keeping the audience in mind. One way to do this is to emphasize or state your circumstance so that your audience is aware of the proposal’s main idea.

Where necessary, make sure to provide adequate justification and clarification. Be sure to identify the topic and explain why you believe it requires a solution. It is the same element that shows up in a problem-solution essay’s introduction.

Proposal Essay Structure


The introduction provides background information about the proposal (if applicable) or introduces a topic to a knowledgeable or uninformed audience.

This is, in some ways, the most significant section of your research paper. You must both introduce the topic and make the audience understand why they should be interested in it. It’s frequently beneficial to start your essay with an eye-catching fact, figure, or anecdote to draw the reader in.

Most of the time, proposals are only made to address a specific issue. As a result, you should emphasize a specific issue that your proposal would purportedly resolve. Recognize your target audience so you can emphasize the advantages your proposal would offer.


This serves as a statement of intent. Simply state your proposition in this section, keeping it short and to the point. If the proposal is brief, it’s acceptable for this section to be only a few sentences long. In this section, you should not discuss specifics of how you plan to implement the proposal.

You must now specify the essay’s purpose after stating your problem. At least in general terms in the first paragraph of the body of your proposal essay. The discussion of your proposal is the only purpose of this section.

Explore the benefits and drawbacks of your suggested changes, solutions, or ideas in as much detail as you can. If the proposal is lengthy, it may consist of several paragraphs or only a few sentences.

Action Plan

Now that the potential fixes, modifications, or ideas have been highlighted, it’s time to draft the action plan. This is the most important part of your research paper. Here, you should concentrate on putting the ideas or solutions into practice. This will help people save time and resources in real life. That’s why it’s the most crucial part of your research paper work.

You need to show the audience that the solutions or changes are practical, feasible, relevant, and desirable.

In this section, you must persuade the audience that your suggestion is the best one out of the ones offered. You must also thoroughly justify how you will implement the solutions or changes. Make sure to plan for any obstacles that may arise during the implementation phase because every proposal must describe the difficulties and suggest solutions.


This is the last section of our proposal essay structure. This is where all the topics in the research paper that you were writing comes to a conclusion.

The financial and resource implications of your suggested idea or change must be taken into account when writing the evaluation phase. In light of what is already available, is the idea practical? You must also take into account the dissenting voices’ opposing viewpoints on the suggested solutions. Reassure the audience that the recommended solution will be successful despite the difficulties.

Your conclusion should highlight your recommendation and issue a challenge to your audience. Explain your suggestion, your call to action, and why the audience should consider your advice. You’ve already showed them the research behind your work. Now you just have to coax them with your writing.

Never add new information in your conclusion because doing so will increase the word count as you attempt to elaborate on the unique topic and will only confuse your already persuaded/persuaded audience more.


We hope you’ve enjoyed our guide on the proposal essay structure. This kind of research paper is fairly complex in writing one, especially with all the research you have to do before hand. However, our structure will help you save time in writing. Not only that, but it will help you focus your work on the research aspect, instead of the planning for writing one.

Abir is a data analyst and researcher. Among her interests are artificial intelligence, machine learning, and natural language processing. As a humanitarian and educator, she actively supports women in tech and promotes diversity.

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