Key Elements That Make Up Your Essay

You’ve probably written an essay at least once in your life. Essays are a staple assignment given to students in high school or college. They’re a great way to improve language skills, build confidence, and get writing practice.

Writing a good essay can be a bit difficult, but it can also be fun and rewarding. You don’t just need good writing skills for a stellar essay. You also need to know what constitutes an essay.

In this article, we will be looking at the key elements that make up your essay. This will help you know what parts you can include in your writing to make a complete and well-written piece.

We’ll also discuss the definition of an essay and its many types. Are you ready to learn some new and interesting things about essays? If so, let’s get into it!

What is an Essay?

An essay is a written piece that aims to present an idea, propose an argument, express emotion, or initiate discussion. It is a means of conveying a writer’s ideas in non-fictional terms. This type of writing has a variety of uses. This includes political manifestos and art criticism, as well as observations and reflections of the author.

You can compose an essay as short as 500 words or as long as 5000 words. There is no fixed guideline for your essay length aside from the one set by your professor. Most essays fall in the range of around 1000 to 3000 words. This word range gives writers enough space to fully develop their ideas and arguments so that readers can understand them properly.

You can write essays about almost anything under the sun. Some common essay topics include:

  • Global Warming
  • Personal experiences
  • Poverty
  • Crime on the streets.
  • Modern lifestyles
  • Technology, and so on.

What Constitutes an Essay?

The main elements that constitute an essay include the ThesisOutlineIntroductionBody, and Conclusion. Let’s look at these elements in greater detail.


An essay’s thesis determines its primary focus. The thesis statement should be a coherent, concise sentence that clearly states the topic of your essay. It’s usually placed at the end of your introduction.

Your thesis statement is your strongest argument in a persuasive essay. It is essential for making an effective and cohesive piece of writing.


In order to write a successful essay, one of the main steps must be to create an outline of the material. This helps keep your writing process organized and focused on the topic.

Roman numerals, upper-case letters, and numbers usually represent the points in an outline. Each paragraph should have its heading, including your introduction and conclusion. Include the essential points you would like to cover in every supporting paragraph in your essay.


The introduction introduces the reader to your essay topic. This will be their first impression of your work, so you must make it count.

Before your thesis statement, provide background or general information pertinent to the topic. Introductions should summarise what readers can look forward to in the body of your essay.


The supporting paragraphs that support your thesis form the body of an essay. Its paragraphs should contain at least one point to support your thesis. A five-paragraph essay, for instance, has three body paragraphs.

The body paragraphs may differ depending on the style of your essay. For each point in your thesis, it’s best to write a body paragraph.


An essay concludes with a paragraph summarizing the significant points discussed throughout the body. Unlike the introductory paragraph that summarizes your overall idea, the conclusion explicitly states why your thesis is correct based on supporting details.

Four Main Types of Essays

There are several types of essays, the most common of which are: narrative, argumentative, descriptive, and expository. Each of these types has different functions.

Narrative: A story-like essay. Usually, it discusses a personal experience that was significant to the author.

Argumentative: This type of essay requires thoroughly investigating a topic by gathering evidence and establishing a clear position. Argumentative essays present well-thought-out conclusions to persuade the audience to accept or consider your point of view.

Descriptive: In a descriptive essay, an object, person, place, experience, emotion, and so on are described in detail by the writer. This kind of essay usually allows writers more creative freedom.

Expository: This is often written in a “compare and contrast” format. It includes your thesis statement and paragraphs that link back to your central idea.

Wrapping Up

Knowing what constitutes an essay and incorporating its key elements in your work is essential. Essays should be well-written, informative, and logical. With this article’s help, you’ll better understand what your essay should look like and how you can better construct it.

Abir is a data analyst and researcher. Among her interests are artificial intelligence, machine learning, and natural language processing. As a humanitarian and educator, she actively supports women in tech and promotes diversity.

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